When travelling on public roadways, farm machinery and combinations of farm vehicles must comply with certain special obligations to ensure the safety of their operators and of other road users.
Any equipment, whether motorized or not, designed and used solely for agricultural purposes. (CQLR, c. C-24.2, r.29)
Within the meaning of the Highway Safety Code, farm machinery includes, for example, farm tractorsA tractor that is equipped with tires and is generally used for agricultural purposes, whether or not it is authorized for use on public roads. The tractor must belong to an individual or company that owns or leases a farm and whose principal occupation is farming, or that is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act..
A combination consisting of a farm machine or a farm motor vehicle, within the meaning of the Regulation respecting road vehicle registration, drawing a farm machine or a farm trailer. (CQLR, c. C-24.2, r. 52.1)
Starting on July 25, 2022, farm trailers, farm machines and trailers used for the exclusive transport of unprocessed timber that meet the conditions specified in section 240.2 of the Highway Safety Code must, when being operatedtravelling at night, be equipped at the rear with at least one red taillight placed as close as possible to the left lateral extremity and visible from a distance of at least 150 metres.
Detachable equipment may be used to replace those lights.
This regulation came into effect on December 1, 2013 and applies to farmers who own farm machinery or combinations of farm vehicles wider than 2.6 m that travel on roadways (other than highways). It aims to ensure the safety of all road users.
Farm machinery wider than 2.6 m that does not belong to a farmer is considered an outsized vehicle.
Before travelling on a public roadway, find out more about your obligations by visiting the web site of the Ministère des Transports.
Operating farm machinery or a combination of farm vehicles wider than 5.3 m is prohibited:
Farm machinery and combinations of farm vehicles that belong to a farmer, depending on their width, must:
Owners and operators of farm machinery or combinations of farm vehicles and escort vehicle drivers who fail to comply with the Regulation are liable to a fine. The list of fines is included in the guide (PDF, 2.4 Mo).
To help farmers who own farm machinery or combinations of farm vehicles wider than 2.6 m install the necessary signaling devices, we have prepared the Guide to the Regulation respecting the visibility and traffic of farm machines wider than 2.6 metres (PDF, 2.4 Mo) in cooperation with the Union des producteurs agricoles, the ministère des Transports, de la Mobilité durable et de l'Électrification des transports and Contrôle routier Québec.
To pass farm machinery, you may encroach upon:
However, you may do so only if
Farm machinery – other than tractors used on public roadways – is exempt from vehicle registration.
For more information, see our section on registering a tractor or another farm vehicle.
The minimum age for operating farm machinery is 16. To operate a farm tractor for agricultural purposes, you must hold at least a Class 8 driver's licence.
For more information, see our section on obtaining a licence to operate a tractor (Class 8).
Last update: September 16, 2022