Modes of Transportation

All-Terrain Vehicles: Common Sense

To safely enjoy your all-terrain vehicle outings, it is important to obey the law and drive responsibly, to ensure your own safety and that of others.

Mandatory Equipment

For You and any Passengers

  • a helmet that meets safety standards
  • protective goggles, if the helmet does not have a visor
  • closed footwear (boots or shoes)
  • any other equipment prescribed by regulation

Strongly Recommended Accessories

To better protect yourself and any passengers, and deal with any unexpected situations you may encounter during outings—such as the break down of your vehicle or bad weather—the following accessories can prove very useful:

  • a chest protector (especially for quad bikes and all-terrain motorcycles, including motocross bikes)
  • protective clothing
  • flat-healed, anti-skid boots that cover your ankles
  • gloves that completely cover your hands and wrists
  • a survival kit that includes:
    • a set of basic tools and a spare key
    • spark plugs and a drive belt
    • a first aid kit and manual
    • a sharp pocketknife, a saw or an axe
    • a nylon rope that can be used for towing (about 10 metres)
    • a trail map and a compass
    • waterproof matches, a flashlight and a whistle
    • an aluminium-treated emergency survival blanket

For Your Vehicle

  • a white headlight
  • a red taillight
  • a red brake light at the rear
  • a rear-view mirror firmly attached to the left side of the vehicle
  • an exhaust system
  • a braking system
  • a speedometer
  • any other equipment determined by regulation

Before going out on an all-terrain vehicle

To ensure your safety and that of others, it is best to:

  • make sure you have the experience and knowledge required to drive safely
  • let someone know where you are going and when you plan to be back
  • inspect your vehicle to make sure it is in good mechanical condition
  • wear appropriate clothing
  • bring along a first aid kit and a survival kit

Be Visible

Keep your headlights on at all times in order to help other drivers see you.

On the Trail

  • Respect your limits: experience, fatigue, degree of familiarity with your surroundings.
  • Drive on the right side of the trail.
  • Reduce your speed when in unfamiliar terrain.
  • Obey signs and signals.
  • Be extra cautious when crossing roads and railway tracks. 

Be familiar with and obey the signs posted along trails

To find out what the various signs mean, refer to the website of the Fédération québécoise des motos hors route.

At Night

  • Slow down! Your headlight reduces your peripheral field of vision.
  • Avoid riding alongside roads, as lights from other vehicles can blind you.

Courteous Behaviour

When driving on all-terrain vehicle trails, it is important to:

  • obey the rules and signs
  • respect other all-terrain vehicle enthusiasts
  • respect people living in the area

You should also:

  • help anyone who is experiencing trouble
  • respect the environment (wildlife and vegetation)

Lastly, you must watch your noise level. The sound generated by your all-terrain vehicle must not exceed 98 decibels. It’s up to you to make sure it doesn’t!

Drinking and all-terrain vehicles: same rules, same penalties

Driving an all-terrain vehicle when your ability to drive is impaired by alcohol, drugs or medication is prohibited. The Criminal Code also applies to the operation of off-road vehicles.

If you commit an offence under the Highway Safety Code on a public road, trail or any other area of use that is not covered by this Code, the same penalties apply as for a driving offence while at the wheel of any other type of motorized vehicle.


Last update: June  2, 2022