Severely damaged and rebuilt vehicle

Before you can have a severely damaged and rebuilt vehicle registered, you must make sure it is authorized for road use in Québec.

If the vehicle has been flooded or cannot be rebuilt

It is branded "irrécupérable" (irreparable), meaning it can never be put back on the road. It can only be used for its parts. For more information, refer to the Flood-Damaged Road Vehicles page.

Important: Only some parts of a flooded vehicle may be reused. For more details, see the Ministerial Order.
 

To put a severely damaged and rebuilt vehicle back on the road, there is a multi-stage procedure you must follow, including a technical appraisal and a mechanical inspection. Only then can the vehicle be declared roadworthy.

New steps to a vehicle’s technical appraisal

Since June 18, 2018, when carrying out the technical appraisal of severely damaged vehicles that have been rebuilt, road vehicle inspection agents take into account new measures that have been implemented to improve vehicle safety. These new measures aim to ensure the safety of rebuilt vehicles, as well as compliance with the applicable regulations. For more information, refer to the page on full-body sectioning (clipping) of a vehicle and repairs to structural members (in French only).

The following rebuilt vehicles do not have to undergo a technical appraisal and mechanical inspection before they are put back on the road:

  • a snowmobile
  • a tool vehicleA road vehicle, other than a vehicle mounted on a truck chassis, designed to perform a task and having a workstation integrated into the cab. A truck chassis is a frame fitted with the mechanical components found on a vehicle made for the transportation of passengers, freight or equipment.
  • a trailer with a net weightWeight of the vehicle and the equipment permanently attached to it, excluding the weight of its load. of 900 kg or less
  • a farm tractor A tractor that is equipped with tires and is generally used for agricultural purposes, whether or not it is authorized for use on public roads. The tractor must belong to an individual or company that owns or leases a farm and whose principal occupation is farming, or that is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act.
  • a snowblowerA road vehicle with a net weight of more than 900 kg, equipped with a mechanical blower to remove snow.
  • a vehicle built specifically to be operated only off public roads

Rebuilt vehicle from outside Québec

The buyer must have the vehicle inspected at a mechanical inspection centre to obtain:

  • a technical compliance certificate
  • a mechanical inspection certificate confirming that the vehicle meets the applicable standards

1 Preparation of the rebuilding record

If you wish to repair a severely damaged vehicle in order to put it back on the road, you must keep a rebuilding record as you carry out the repairs. The rebuilding record must be provided when you apply to have your rebuilt vehicle declared roadworthy using the form entitled Demande de certification d’un véhicule reconstruit (in French only).  If any information is missing from the record, your application may be refused.

Contents of the rebuilding record

Names and addresses:

  • of the vehicle's owner
  • of the insurer of the vehicle from whom it was purchased (include the claim number)
  • of the person rebuilding the vehicle

Characteristics of the vehicle and information about its rebuilding

  • The vehicle's year, make, model and vehicle identification number (VIN)
  • A list of the major components and safety equipment used, including the name of the supplier, the date of purchase and the VIN of the vehicle they were taken from (if the major component employed is a used part)
  • Invoices for the major components and safety equipment used, including the name of the supplier, the date of purchase and the VIN of the vehicle they were taken from (if the major component employed is a used part)
  • The invoice for the vehicle carcass and its VIN
  • The estimate of damages
  • The instructions used to rebuild the vehicle, if rebuilding the vehicle required the repair, straightening or sectional replacement of structural members (if the instructions are not available, refer to the page on full-body sectioning (clipping) of a vehicle and repairs to structural members (in French only) for information on what alternative steps must be taken)

Photos of the vehicle

A sign with the date and the last 8 characters of the repaired vehicle’s VIN must appear in each photo. A sheet with this handwritten information must be clearly visible near the photographed part (see the example provided in the page on full-body sectioning (clipping) of a vehicle and repairs to structural members (in French only)).

  • 4 colour photos must be taken before the repairs showing the front, rear and both sides of the vehicle
  • 1 colour photo must be taken when the vehicle is being straightened on the frame alignment bench
  • Colour photos of each assembly point must also be provided for each important phase of the repairs if the assembly points are not accessible and clearly visible when the technical appraisal is carried out (for more information, refer to the page on full-body sectioning (clipping) of a vehicle and repairs to structural members (in French only))
  • If the estimate of repairs provided by the insurer requires repairing parts that are not damaged, take a photo to show that they are in good condition.

Certificate

  • A certificate confirming that the wheel alignment meets the manufacturer's standards must be included in the rebuilding record.

The alignment certificate must be accompanied by an alignment report showing that the wheel alignment meets the manufacturer’s specifications. This report must contain the following information: the vehicle’s year, make, model and VIN, the manufacturer’s specifications and the results of the alignment. It must be dated and signed by the mechanic who carried out the alignment. If the signature is not sufficiently legible to identify the person signing the report, his or her name must appear in block letters. All this information must appear on the printed report.

The alignment results must be within the tolerance ranges specified by the manufacturer for each measure; otherwise, the report will be refused.

The alignment results must be within the tolerance ranges specified by the manufacturer for each measure; otherwise, the report will be refused.

The Demande de certification d’un véhicule reconstruit (in French only) must be duly completed and signed.

The complete rebuilding record must be given to the road vehicle inspection agent at the time of the technical appraisal.

2 Technical appraisal

When the rebuilding record is complete, you must make an appointment at a mechanical inspection centre.

On the day of the appraisal, you must present the rebuilding record. The appraisal is at your own expense.

Make sure that…

  • Any structural repairs to the rebuilt vehicle comply with the manufacturer’s requirements (refer to the page on full-body sectioning (clipping) of a vehicle and repairs to structural members (in French only))
  • The vehicle's assembly points are accessible and clearly visible for inspection—if they are not clearly visible, photos of the assembly points must be provided
  • No sealant, soundproofing or rustproofing compound has been applied to the underside of the vehicle; otherwise, the vehicle may be refused

The requirements for replacing the following safety equipment are as follows:

    • All safety equipment must be replaced according to manufacturer specifications.
    • Recycled airbags from the recycling program approved by the SAAQ may be used. At this time, airbags from the driver’s side and passenger side as well as seat airbags can be recycled through the program. 
    • Other airbags must be new, in compliance with regulations.
    • For the command module, the rebuilder has three options:
      • Have it replaced by a new module.
      • Have the dealership reprogram the vehicle’s original module, as long as its manufacturer authorizes the deletion of the codes generated when the airbag deployed.
      • Have the vehicle’s original module reprogrammed by a business recognized by the SAAQ.
    • The rebuilder must fill out the appropriate boxes in the Demande de certification d’un véhicule reconstruit form (in French only) concerning airbags and pretensioners. The rebuilder must also include their serial number or the VIN of their original vehicle if they are used. Invoices for these parts must be submitted at the time of the technical appraisal. 

If the vehicle meets technical requirements

The mechanical inspection centre will issue you a technical compliance certificate if the rebuilt vehicle meets the SAAQ’s requirements.

If the vehicle does not meet technical requirements

It must undergo another technical appraisal as soon as you have made the required corrections.

3 Mechanical inspection

Once a technical compliance certificate has been issued, the vehicle must undergo a mechanical inspection.

If the vehicle meets the safety standards for road vehicles, the mechanical inspection centre will issue you a mechanical inspection certificate confirming that the vehicle meets the applicable standards.

You must obtain both a technical compliance certificate and a mechanical inspection certificate confirming that the vehicle meets the applicable standards before putting the vehicle back on the road.

4 Putting the vehicle back on the road

When registering the vehicle

Documents required

You must present:

  • your driver's licence or another official photo ID document
  • a mechanical inspection certificate confirming that the vehicle meets the applicable standards
  • technical compliance certificate

Other documents may be required depending on the type of rebuilt vehicle and how you intend to use it.

If you are under age 18

You must also present the Consent of a Person Having Parental Authority (PDF, 169.9 ko) form completed by your father, mother or legal guardian.

If you do not have a driver's licence

Phone us to find out what documents will be required for you to put the vehicle back on the road.

If you cannot come to the service outlet in person

The person who goes to the service outlet for you must bring the original of the Power of Attorney (PDF, 181.5 ko) form completed by you.

Costs and payment

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Payment of the GST and QST

You may not be required to pay the GST and QST when you register your vehicle.

For more information, phone Revenu Québec.

The cost of registration will be higher…

If the vehicle is a luxury vehicle

A passenger vehicle or a commercial vehicle is considered a luxury vehicle if it meets the following 3 criteria:

  • it has a value of more than $40,000
  • it has a net weight of 3,000 kg or less
  • it is less than 7 years old

In such a case, a surcharge is added to the registration fee equal to 1% of the portion of the vehicle's value over $40,000.

If it is a large-cylinder capacity vehicle

A passenger vehicle, motor home or commercial vehicle is considered to be a large-cylinder capacity vehicle if:

  • it has a cylinder capacity of 3.95 litres or more

AND

  • the model year is 1995 or later

No surcharge is added to the registration fee for the following large-cylinder capacity vehicles:

  • a vehicle adapted for transporting a wheelchair-bound person
  • a minibus for a large family (9 or more people living in the same household)
  • a vehicle used by a driving school
If you live in one of these places
  • an area served by public transit
  • the Montréal agglomeration

Info+

Mandatory private insurance coverage

You must have a civil liability insurance policy contracted from a private insurer providing minimum coverage of $50,000.

If you are not insured and you are pulled over by the police or involved in a traffic accident that causes more than $500 in damage to the property of another party:

  • your driver's licence or your right to obtain one could be suspended
  • all of your vehicles may be prohibited from road use
  • you will be assessed a fine that varies depending on the type of vehicle

Last update: October 27, 2021