Categories of Licence Plates

There are 15 categories of licence plates, grouped according to vehicle type and use.

Passenger vehicles – Licence plate with or without prefix

Licence plate without prefix

Type of plate Description and use

000H000

A00 ABC

ABC 000

Passenger vehicleA motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, a moped and a minibus, owned by a natural person, designed to carry up to 9 occupants at a time, where such transportation does not require a permit from the Commission des transports du Québec, and used mainly for personal purposes.

A motor vehicle with a net weight of 3,000 kg or less, designed to serve as a permanent self-contained living quarters and owned by an individual.

Licence plate with prefix

Type of plate Description and use

CC 000

Passenger vehicle used by members of a consular corps or a foreign delegation.

CD 000

Passenger vehicle used by members of a diplomatic corps or the International Civil Aviation Organization

2- or 3-wheel motorcycles – Licence plate with numbers

Type of plate Description and use

2- or 3-wheel motorcyclePassenger vehicle, other than a power-assisted bicycle, having two or three wheels that has at least one characteristic different from the characteristics of a moped.

A motorcycle whose model year is prior to 1981 may be registered under a restricted-area use licence plate, in which case it can only be operated on roads with a speed limit of 70 km/h or less.

2- or 3-wheel scooters – Licence plate with numbers

Type of plate Description and use

MopedA 2- or 3-wheel passenger vehicle equipped with an electric motor or a gasoline-powered engine with a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc and an automatic transmission. – also known as a scooter – with:

  • 2 or 3 wheels
  • a maximum speed of 70 km/h
  • an automatic transmission
  • an engine with a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc or an electric motor

Off-road vehicles – V licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

All-terrain vehicle (ATV), recreational off-highway vehicle, trail bike or snowmobileA self-propelled winter vehicle that is designed to travel primarily over snow or ice and may or may not be equipped with a ski or steering blade. with a net weight of 450 kg or less used on a private road or property.

Road vehicle designed to be operated on Québec roads, but used exclusively on a private road or property (e.g. a train station, port or airport).

Tractors and other farm vehicles – C, R, F or L licence plates

Type of plate Description and use

C000000

Tractor used by a farmerA person holding a registration card for an agricultural operation issued by the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec, or a person who is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act. in the operation of a farm or for personal use.

A tractor must be registered under a C licence plate if it is operated on a public road, even just to cross the road.

R000000

Farm trailerA trailer with a net weight of 2,300 kg or less owned by a farmer and used primarily to carry farm produce or the equipment required to produce it. owned by a farmer who uses it in the operation of the farm.

F000000

Pickup truck or minivan weighing 3,000 kg or less owned by a farmer who uses it in the operation of the farm.

L000000

Farm vehicle weighing more than 3,000 kg owned by a farmer who uses it in the operation of the farm.

Trucks and combinations of vehicles – L Licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

L000000

TruckA road vehicle having a net weight of more than 3,000 kg, designed and outfitted primarily for freight transport or for carrying equipment that is permanently attached to the vehicle. However, a 2-axle road vehicle with a net weight of 4,000 kg or less is not considered to be a truck if it is not used for commercial or employment-related purposes, is owned by a natural person, is equipped with a separate enclosed cab and has (or originally had) an open truck box and tailgate. weighing more than 3,000 kg. Tractor trucks and road trains are included in this category.

Buses and minibuses – A licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

AE00000

A00000

AP00000

AU00000

Bus or minibus used:

  • for school transportation
  • for public transportation, regardless of whether fees are charged
  • in the operation of a business
  • for personal purposes
  • as a police, fire department or emergency vehicle

Taxis – T, TR, TS or TB licence plates

Type of plate Description and use

T*0000

Regular taxi

TS00000

Taxi providing limousine transportation services

TB00000

Taxi providing transportation services for patients in the health care network

Trailers, camping trailers and tent trailers

Type of plate Description and use

R000000

Vehicle pulled by another registered vehicle.

This category includes:

  • trailersA road vehicle that is designed to be pulled by another vehicle, whether or not it maintains a horizontal position without outside support.
  • camping trailers
  • tent trailers
  • semi-trailers
  • construction trailers
  • farm trailersA trailer with a net weight of 2,300 kg or less owned by a farmer and used primarily to carry farm produce or the equipment required to produce it.
  • hand-crafted trailers

Commercial vehicles and special use vehicles – F licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

F000000

Vehicle used for commercial or professional purposes by a self-employed worker or a business.

This category includes:

  • commercial vehicles
  • farm vehiclesA motor vehicle that is a truck, pick-up truck or minivan owned by a farmer (a person holding a registration card issued by the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec, or a person who is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act) and used mainly for the transportation of farm produce or material required in its production.
  • trucks, pickup trucks and minivans weighing 3,000 kg or less
  • vehicles owned by driving schools
  • snowblowersA road vehicle with a net weight of more than 900 kg, equipped with a mechanical blower to remove snow.
  • vehicles engaged in the transportation of school childrenA road vehicle, other than a bus or minibus engaged in the transportation of school children, that may be used on occasion or full time to carry school children and that is operated by a school board or a private educational institution, or under the terms of a contract with a school board exercising authority in connection with the transportation of school children, or with a Cégep authorized to organize the transportation of students., excluding buses and minibuses
  • snow removal trucks
  • tool vehiclesA road vehicle, other than a vehicle mounted on a truck chassis, designed to perform a task and having a workstation integrated into the cab. A truck chassis is a frame fitted with the mechanical components found on a vehicle made for the transportation of passengers, freight or equipment.
  • winter tool vehiclesA tool vehicle used exclusively for snow removal.
  • equipment transport vehiclesRoad vehicle with a net weight of more than 3,000 kg used solely for the transportation of machinery with which it is permanently equipped and its accessories. Emergency vehicles and vehicles that are used or can be used for the transportation of other goods are excluded from this definition.
  • motor homesA motor vehicle permanently converted into living quarters. owned by a business
  • motor homes weighing more than 3,000 kg owned by an individual who uses it for personal purposes

Special use vehicles:

  • tow trucks
  • ambulances
  • hearses

Vehicles with restricted-area use – C licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

C000000

Vehicle that is not authorized to be operated everywhere on the road network

This category includes:

  • farm tractorsA tractor equipped with tires that is usually used for farm purposes, may or may not be authorized for road use and belongs to a person or corporation that owns or leases a farm and has farming as its primary occupation or is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act.
  • snowmobilesA self-propelled winter vehicle that is designed to travel primarily over snow or ice and may or may not be equipped with a ski or steering blade. with a net weight of more than 450 kg
  • vintage motorcycles

Vehicles bearing a veteran's licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

Licence plate strictly reserved for veterans and given by the Royal Canadian Legion to those who submit an application. The centre of the plate features the image of a poppy.

This licence plate can be issued for:

  • passenger vehicles weighing 3,000 kg or less
  • motor homes weighing 3,000 kg or less
  • motorcycles

Ham radio operator's vehicle – VA2 or VE2 licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

VA2 AB

VA2 ABC

VE2 AB

VE2 ABC

Licence plate strictly reserved for passenger vehicles owned by the holder of a valid ham radio operator's licence (Web site in French only).

This licence plate can be issued for:

  • passenger vehicles weighing 3,000 kg or less
  • motor homes weighing 3,000 kg or less

Electric or rechargeable hybrid vehicles – Green licence plate

The green licence plate features the electric vehicle (plug-in hybrid or all-electric) pictogram in the lower left-hand corner.

Type of plate Description and use

Plaque verte - E00 VEA

Electric passenger vehicle

Plaque verte - A00000

Electric bus

Plaque verte - FVE0000

Electric commercial vehicle with a net weight of less than 3,000 kg

 

Electric motorcycle

Removable (dealer) plate – X licence plate

Type of plate Description and use

X00000

Removable licence plate used by a dealer, a manufacturer, an auto body repair shop or a carrier that is:

  • affixed to a trailer or trailer chassis owned by a dealer or manufacturer when these vehicles are pulled without carrying a load.
  • used to transport road vehicles on a flatbed truck or under their own power. Vehicles that are transported in this manner must not carry a load other than what is authorized for road vehicles in the same category.
  • affixed to a vehicle that is loaned by a dealer, a manufacturer or an auto body repair shop to replace a vehicle that is sold or under repair or to demonstrate its condition of operation or performance. The vehicle that is sold or under repair must not be covered by the requirement to have a permit from the Commission des transports du Québec.

A small X licence plate is used by a dealer, a manufacturer or an auto body repair shop to move road vehicles with a net weight of 500 kg or less.