Modes of Transportation – In an Automobile

Child Safety in Cars

Your children's safety in cars does not depend only on them being properly buckled in. Car seats must be suited to their height and weight and comply with strict standards, in accordance with legislation.

In brief

If you are transporting children in your car, you must ensure their safety by complying with the Highway Safety Code.

The Highway Safety Code specifies that all children whose sitting height is less than 63 cm (from the buttocks to the top of the head) must be secured in a seat that is appropriate for their weight and height.

Note, however, that a new measure will come into effect on April 18, 2019. Children will have to be secured in a child safety seat that is appropriate for their weight and height until they are 9 years old or at least 145 cm tall.

We also recommend that all children aged 12 or younger be seated in the back seat of the vehicle.

There are 3 types of child car seats

  • Infant seats—For newborns and infants, up until they weigh at least 10 kg (22 lb)
  • Child seats—For children who weigh at least 10 kg (22 lb)
  • Booster seats—For children who weigh at least 18 kg (40 lb)

Seat belts for children

The booster seat raises the child so that the car’s seat belt crosses over the middle of the shoulder (over the collarbone) and over the hips.

Do you know exactly how the seat belt should be used?

The seat belt must cross over the middle of the shoulder (over the collarbone) and over the hips in order to better absorb impact. A seat belt that crosses over the neck or abdomen could result in serious injuries.

See our section entitled Children and Seat Belts for more details and instructions.

Airbags and children: follow the safety rules

Airbags can be dangerous for children if you fail to comply with some safety rules. See our section on airbags to find out more.

Properly secured objects

In the event of a collision or sudden braking at 50 km/h, the weight of objects in the vehicle is multiplied by 20, turning them into projectiles that could injure or kill the occupants of the vehicle.


Make sure that objects are securely stowed, for example in the vehicle's trunk or closed compartments.

Avoid distractions

Children can be a source of distraction in a vehicle.

Before setting out, make sure that your children have everything they need for the duration of the trip. That way, you can focus on the road.

Never leave a child alone in a car!

Whatever the reason, never leave a child unattended in a road vehicle.

Section 380 of the Highway Safety Code specifies that “No person may leave a child under 7 years of age unattended in a road vehicle under his custody.”