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Low-speed electric scooters

The pilot project concerning low-speed electric scooters, authorized on August 29, 2018, sets out rules regarding the use and operation of low-speed electric scooters and restrictions regarding the public roads on which they can travel, as well as required safety equipment.

This three-year pilot project allows certain low-speed electric scooter models to be ridden on public roads. The particular context of this project is for employers who wish to make electric scooters available to their employees in order to facilitate their travel.

Warning

Pilot Project to Test the Use of Low-Speed Electric Scooters Through a Self-Service Rental

The SAAQ’s pilot project is different from the one launched by Québec’s Ministère des Transports (MTQ) on July 6, 2019. That pilot project aims to test the use of low-speed electric scooters through a self-service rental on the territory of the city of Montréal and the city of Westmount. The characteristics of the vehicles, the territories on which they are authorized to be operated and the conditions of participation are not the same. For more information, consult the MTQ website (in French only). 

The goals of the pilot project are the following:

  • to test the use of low-speed electric scooters on certain public roads
  • to gather information regarding the use of low-speed electric scooters on public roads in order to assess their integration into road traffic, develop traffic rules, and set equipment and design standards for these vehicles
Useful information

As of October 5, 2018, GEEBEE electric scooters are authorized to be operated on the road network, under certain conditions.

Mandatory training

Users of low-speed electric scooters will be required to receive appropriate training for riding such vehicles. This training, which includes a theoretical component and a practical component, is provided by the manufacturer or distributor whenever a user takes possession of a low-speed electric scooter. Users who receive the training will be given a certificate attesting to their participation in the training. They must also agree to help gather information for the purposes of the pilot project.

Rules

Anyone who rides a low-speed electric scooter on public roads must comply with the following rules and requirements:

  • be 18 years of age or older
  • have attended the training program offered by the manufacturer or distributor registered for the pilot project
  • ride only on roads where the speed limit is 50 km/h or less
  • wear a protective (bicycle) helmet
  • use the turn signal lights to signal their intentions
  • obey the Highway Safety Code, as well as the other conditions of the pilot project
  • have with them the certificate attesting to their participation in a training program
  • refrain from carrying passengers, hauling a trailer or pulling or pushing any other object
  • refrain from using a low-speed electric scooter that has been modified

In the event of an offence

Anyone who fails to comply with any of these rules commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300. In the case of Highway Safety Code offences, the usual fines apply.

In the event of an accident

Users of low-speed electric scooters involved in an accident must call for a peace officer if anyone has been hurt or if there has been any property damage.

Definition of a low-speed electric scooter

A low-speed electric scooter is a one-person motorized scooter that is ridden while standing up and has the following characteristics:

  • It is equipped with 2 wheels placed on the same longitudinal axis whose rim diameter is at least 250 mm; it has a platform between the two wheels that is at least 250 mm wide, at least 300 mm long and at least 150 mm off the ground; and it has a wheelbase of at least 1 metre
  • It has no seat, nor any other surface or structure that could be used as a seat
  • It is equipped with an electric motor of not more than 500 watts that allows a maximum speed of 32 km/h; it is supplied by a battery that can be recharged by connecting to the electrical grid; and it is equipped with an automatic transmission
  • It is equipped with a handlebar that acts directly on the steerable wheel
  • It is equipped with a brake system that acts independently on the steerable wheel and the back wheel using separate hand levers
  • It is equipped with an emergency stop switch to cut supply to the motor should the scooter’s control system fail
  • It is equipped with 2 yellow or white turn signal lights placed at the front, 2 red or yellow turn signal lights placed at the rear, or 2 yellow turn signal lights that are visible from both the front and the rear
  • It weighs no more than 45 kg, including the weight of the battery
  • It bears the manufacturer’s compliance label and complies with the standards that apply to a restricted-use motorcycle