Obtaining a Driver's Licence

Minibuses and Small Buses with a Seating Capacity of 24 or Fewer Passengers (Class 4B)


To obtain a Class 4B licence to drive a minibus or a small bus with a seating capacity of 24 or fewer passengers, you must have held a Class 5 driver's licence or probationary licence for at least 12 months, be in good health, and pass a knowledge test.

With this licence, you can drive a minibus or a small bus with a seating capacity of 24 or fewer passengers, as well as:

  • an automobileVehicle with 2 axles and whose net weight is under 4,500 kg. (Class 5)
  • a moped or scooterA 2- or 3-wheel passenger vehicle equipped with an electric motor or a gasoline-powered engine with a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc and an automatic transmission. (Class 6D)
  • a farm tractor (Class 8)

If you hold either a Class 1, 2, 3 or 4A driver's licence, you may also drive Class 4B vehicles.

School transportation

To carry out school transportation using a minibus or a small bus with a seating capacity of 24 or fewer passengers, you must also hold a certificate of competence.

Centre de formation en transport de Charlesbourg (Web site in French only)

700, rue de l'Argon
Québec (Québec)  G2N 2G5
Telephone: 418-634-5580

Centre de formation du transport routier Saint-Jérôme

17000, rue Aubin
Mirabel (Québec)  J7J 1B1
Telephone: 450-435-0167
Toll free: 1-877-435-0167

1 Eligibility

You must have accumulated 12 months of experience as a holder of Class 5 (automobileVehicle with 2 axles and whose net weight is under 4,500 kg.) driver's licence or probationary licence.

2 Medical assessment and vision test

The first step in obtaining a Class 4B driver's licence is to have your eyesight tested and provide us with a medical examination report so that we can ensure that your state of health meets the requirements set out in the Regulation respecting the health of drivers. Two options are available:

  • Download the Medical Examination Report (PDF, 280.1 ko)
    • Write “Adding a class” at the top of the form for your application to be processed within the appropriate timeframe.
    • Have the form filled out by a physician or a specialized nurse practitioner and ensure that section 1 – Vision disorders is duly completed. Otherwise, you will have to have your eyesight tested by an ophthalmologist or an optometrist or in one of our service outlets.
  • Go to one of our service outlets to undergo a vision test and obtain the Medical Examination Report form. You must have the form filled out by a physician or a specialized nurse practitioner.

In both cases, you must return the form by mail or bring it to one of our service outlets. After we have analyzed the report, we will inform you of our decision regarding your eligibility to obtain a Class 4B licence.

3 Preparing for the knowledge test

The knowledge test consists of 30 questions covering specialized driving techniques.

To help you prepare for the test

We recommend that you study the following guides:

They are available for purchase from Publications du Québec or at bookstores.

4 Knowledge test

    • Costs

      • Knowledge Test: $12.40
      • Adding a Class to a Driver's Licence: $17.10
    • Time/Duration

      • Approximately 1 hour

Taking the test

To make, modify, cancel or check a knowledge test, you must log in to SAAQclic. For more information about creating your Government Authentication Service account and logging in to SAAQclic, .

Please note that from now on you must use SAAQclic to make an appointment for a knowledge or road test.

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test, and bring:

  • your driver’s licence

Step 2 Pay the fees for:

  • the knowledge test: $12.40
  • the addition of a class to your driver’s licence: $17.10

Payment options

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing mark

You must have 22 correct answers out of 30 questions.

If you cheat on the knowledge test

The only material you are allowed to use during the test is a dictionary that does not contain any illustrations, and the material provided by the SAAQ. Any other documents and all electronic devices are prohibited during the test (“cheat sheets,” notes, cell phones, smart watches, etc.). Having any prohibited material or electronic devices with you at the test, regardless of whether or not you actually use them, or trying in any way to contact someone or obtain outside assistance, will be considered cheating. Anyone found cheating will automatically fail all sections of the test and will have to wait at least 56 days before being allowed to take the test again. If it’s not the first time that person has been caught cheating, that person will have to wait at least 90 days.

If you fail the knowledge test

You must wait at least 7 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to make another appointment and pay the test fees again.

Last update: March 22, 2022