Registering a Vehicle

Truck Weighing Over 3,000 kg

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You must register your truck weighing over 3,000 kg at an SAAQ service outlet.

A truckA road vehicle having a net weight of more than 3,000 kg, designed and outfitted primarily for freight transport or for carrying equipment that is permanently attached to the vehicle. However, a 2-axle road vehicle with a net weight of 4,000 kg or less is not considered to be a truck if it is not used for commercial or employment-related purposes, is owned by a natural person, is equipped with a separate enclosed cab and has (or originally had) an open truck box and tailgate. is a vehicle with a net weight of more than 3,000 kg, designed or outfitted primarily for freight transport or for carrying equipment permanently attached to it.

It may belong to an individual or a business.

This vehicle class also includes military vehicles weighing more than 3,000 kg, provided:

  • they have the same configuration as road vehicles intended for use on public roads
  • they are equipped to be compliant for road use
  • they are equipped with tires and not with tracks
  • they have undergone an inspection by an engineer belonging to the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec or another person who is legally authorized to practise this profession in Québec
  • they have undergone a valid mechanical inspection after having received a favourable report from an engineer

However, pick-up trucksA 2-axle road vehicle with a net weight between 3,000 and 4,000 kg owned by an individual, which is not used for commercial or employment-related purposes, and is equipped with a separate enclosed cab and has (or originally had) an open truck box and tailgate. used for personal purposes that have two axles and a net weight of more than 3,000 kg but less than 4,000 kg are considered passenger vehicles.

1 Before registration

The vehicle cannot be registered…

If the buyer or the seller has an unpaid fine for an offence under the Highway Safety Code or under a municipal traffic or parking bylaw.

The Bureau des infractions et amendes and the municipal courts are responsible for collecting fines. You cannot pay a fine at an SAAQ service outlet.

To check whether the vehicle can be registered, you can use our online service. You will be charged a fee for this service.

Registration in the Registraire des entreprises (enterprise register)

If the truck is to be used for your business, the business must be registered in the Registraire des entreprises (REQ). You can then provide your Québec enterprise number (NEQ) when you register your truck.

Registration in the Registre des propriétaires et des exploitants de véhicules lourds (register of owners and operators of heavy vehicles)

If the truck's gross vehicle weight ratingA vehicle's weight, including its maximum load capacity, according to the manufacturer's specifications. is 4,500 kg or more and the truck is used for commercial purposes, you must be registered in the Registre des propriétaires et des exploitants de véhicules lourds of the Commission des transports du Québec.

If you are not registered in the Registre, you can still register your truck, but you cannot put it into operation.

Mechanical inspection

If the truck is a used vehicle, the most recent mechanical inspection must have been performed:

  • within the past 12 months for all trucks weighing more than 3,000 kg
  • within the past 6 months for trucks weighing more than 3,000 kg used by a driving school

You must present a valid mechanical inspection certificate when you register your truck.

If the Truck Is Prohibited From Being Put Into Operation or Has Been in Storage for One Year or Longer

It cannot be put back into operation until it has passed a mechanical inspection carried out by a certified business and a valid mechanical inspection certificate has been issued.

2 When you register your truck

Documents required

The buyer and the seller must present their driver's licence or another official photo ID document.

If the truck is new

You must present the Attestation de transaction avec un commerçant and Description du véhicule neuf forms that you received from the dealer.

If the truck is used

The documents you must present when you register your truck are different depending on the person or business you bought it from. In all cases, you must indicate:

  • the truck's odometer reading
  • the maximum number of axles on a combination of road vehicles
Bought from a dealership Bought from a business or a self-employed worker registered for the GST and QSTA business or self-employed worker that is registered for and collects the GST and QST. For more information, phone Revenu Québec.
  • The Attestation de transaction avec un commerçant form
  • The registration certificate signed by the former owner and the dealer
  • The sales contract between the buyer and the business or self-employed worker that owns the vehicle

Before Going to an SAAQ Service Outlet

To find out which documents are necessary for the calculation of QST, call Revenu Québec:

  • if the vehicle is more than 25 years old (more than 40 years old, in the case of a truck)
  • if the vehicle is a used luxury vehicle less than 25 years old and not listed in the reference guide used by Revenu Québec (luxury vehicles that are not listed: Aston Martin, Bentley, Ferrari, Hummer, Lamborghini, Lotus, Maserati and Rolls Royce)
  • if the vehicle comes from outside Canada
  • if the used vehicle is damaged or has unusual wear

If you do not have a driver's licence

Phone us to find out what documents you must bring with you when registering your truck.

If you cannot come to the service outlet in person

If your business owns the truck, the person who goes to the service outlet to register it must present the original of a power of attorney to act on behalf of the business.

If you are an individual, the person who goes to the service outlet to register the truck for you must bring the original of the Power of Attorney (PDF, 181.5 ko) form completed by you.

If your truck travels outside Québec

Check to see whether the vehicle or combination of road vehicles qualifies for the International Registration Plan(IRP).

If the truck is from outside Québec

It is considered to be an imported vehicle. In that case, there are other documents you have to present so that we can verify whether the vehicle is authorized for road use in Québec. To find out more, visit the Registering a vehicle from outside Québec web page.

3 Costs and payment

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Payment of the GST and QST

Whether the truck is new or used, you must pay the GST and QST if you buy it from a dealership, business or self-employed worker registered for the GST and QST.

For more information, phone Revenu Québec.

If the vehicle is purchased from an individual, you are only required to pay the QST.

Before going to an SAAQ service outlet

Call Revenu Québec if the truck was manufactured more than 40 years ago.

4 Insurance

You must have a civil liability insurance policy contracted from a private insurer providing minimum coverage of $50,000. The minimum is $1 million if you are a carrier and $2 million if you haul hazardous materials.

If you are not insured and you are involved in a traffic accident that causes more than $500 in damage to the property of another party:

  • your driver's licence or your right to obtain one could be suspended
  • all of your vehicles may be prohibited from road use
  • you will be fined $325 to $2,800 or, if you are a carrier, $750 to $7,300

5 Costs and payment

The registration fee for a truck, truck tractor or farm vehicle weighing more than 3,000 kg is calculated based on the number of axles on the vehicle and the trailer it pulls.

How to count axles

Look at the vehicle and its trailer from the side. Count one axle for each wheel you see (a double wheel counts as a single wheel).

You must also count the steering axle, auxiliary lift axle and removable axleA supplementary axle or combination of axles that can be added to the axles already attached to a motor vehicle or trailer, or be used to temporarily to convert an object which is not essentially a road vehicle into a road vehicle..

A maximum of 6 axles is counted for calculating the registration fee.

Types of vehiclesNumber of axles

Side view of a truck with 2 axles

2

Side view of a truck with 3 axles

3

Side view of a truck with 4 axles

4

Side view of a combination of road vehicles, consisting of a truck with 2 axles and a semi-trailer with 1 axle

3

Side view of a combination of road vehicles with 4 axles, consisting of a truck with 2 axles and a semi-trailer with 2 axles

4

Side view of a combination of road vehicles with 5 axles, consisting of a truck with 3 axles and a semi-trailer with 2 axles

5

Side view of a combination of road vehicles with 5 axles, consisting of a semi-trailer with 1 axle, 1 removable axle and a semi-trailer with 1 axle

5

Side view of a combination of road vehicles with 6 axles, consisting of a truck with 3 axles and a trailer with 3 axles
Illustration d'un ensemble de véhicules de 6 essieux ou plus vu de profil, constitué d'un camion de 3 essieux et d'une semi-remorque de plus de 3 essieux

6 or more

For a truck and a single-wheeled trailer

If the trailer has 2 or more axles, count a single axle if the distance between the centre points of the outermost axles is less than 1 metre.

2 outermost axles, for which the distance between the centre points of their axes is one metre, which counts as 1 axle

If the trailer has 3 axles, count only 2 axles if the distance between the centre points of the outermost axles is 1 m or more but less than 2.4 m.

2 outermost axles, for which the distance between the centre points of their axes is 2.4 metres, which counts as 2 axles

Vehicles for which the axles are not counted

  • A tool trailer used only to transport the equipment, tools or furnishings with which it is permanently equipped
  • A trailer or semi-trailer with a cargo space less than 4 m long
  • A trailer or semi-trailer transporting exclusively a road vehicle authorized to operate mainly on a public road
  • A camping trailer (however, the axles on a trailer which requires a special travel permit to operate on a public road [e.g. motor home] must be counted)
  • A registered motor vehicle drawn by a tractor vehicle or combination of road vehicles
  • A trailer or semi-trailer with a cargo space over 4m long used for personal purposes (by an individual) and for non-commercial purposes

Last update: March  8, 2021