Hand-crafted, Modified or Rebuilt Vehicle
Driving School Vehicle
Vehicles used to teach driving, or driving school vehicles, must be equipped with a passenger-side brake pedal and, if applicable, a passenger-side clutch pedal.
What the law says
Under section 214 of the Highway Safety Code, a vehicle that has undergone alterations which may, in particular, reduce its stability or braking capacity, may not be put into operation. However, such a vehicle may legally be put into operation if its alterations have been inspected and approved by the SAAQ.
Approval by the SAAQ
The installation and operation of a dual pedal system requires using components of the original braking system. This could affect braking capacity and must therefore be approved by the SAAQ before road use.
To obtain an approval, the vehicle must undergo a modified-vehicle inspection and a mechanical inspection. SAAQ road vehicle inspection agents offer these services for a fee.
Registering an automobile equipped with a dual pedal system for the first time for teaching purposes
Since June 2015, the approval of the SAAQ is required before such a vehicle can be used for teaching purposes. The vehicle must be brought to an agent, who will conduct a modified-vehicle inspection and send information concerning the modification to the SAAQ. In order to reduce waiting periods and costs, the mechanical inspection that must usually be conducted at the same time as the modified-vehicle inspection is not required if the vehicle is new (first registration ever). The SAAQ’s approval will take the form of a certificate of inspection which must accompany the vehicle at all times to facilitate subsequent periodic mechanical inspections. The modified-vehicle inspection is required only once, unless other major modifications are made to the vehicle.
For any information relating to the approval process, please contact your inspection agent.
Best practices for installing a dual pedal system
- Choose a quality system that is adapted to the vehicle.
- Choose a competent installer who will follow the recommendations that accompany the system.
- If no installation notice is provided or if the system is hand-crafted, follow the standards and best practices applied by the major automobile manufacturers. Here are the important elements:
- The application of force required on the instructor-side brake must be similar to the force required on the vehicle’s original brake pedal. Furthermore, the force required on the original pedal must remain the same as before the addition of the second brake pedal.
- The movement of the brake pedal must be natural and similar to that of the vehicle’s original pedal.
For example, on a standard brake pedal, you must push forward. If the new pedal requires you to push down towards the floor, the installation will be rejected because the movement is not natural and could compromise your safety in the event of an emergency.
Two types of systems
- Cables and pulleys.
- The angle between the cable and the other components (levers, anchorage points) must be as close to 90° as possible. Angles that are too wide or too narrow will make operation more difficult and require more maintenance.
- Rods and levers.
- Follow the installation guide provided with the dual pedal system.
- Unless otherwise specified by the manufacturer, components must be installed directly on the vehicle’s metal floorboard. Carpet and insulation must therefore be removed.
- Use the mounting components provided by the system’s manufacturer. However, if some bolts are too short, replace them with longer ones of the same diameter and of a similar or higher grade. Similarly, use locknuts if the nuts provided do not lock.
- A minimum of 3 graded fasteners (minimum ISO 8.8 or SAE Grade 5) is required for each component attached to the vehicle, regardless of the manufacturer’s recommendations.
- Securely install the components of the dual pedal system in places that are easily accessible for inspection and maintenance.
- The components of the dual pedal system must not be modified or altered under any circumstances.
- No welding, cutting, perforating or other alterations of the original pedal system components (pedal, pedal lever, pivot points, etc.) should be performed. Use the bolted anchorages to connect components.
- The added pedals must be covered with an anti-slip surface.
- A piecemeal assembly may require the opinion of a competent engineer, at your expense.
- The operation (position, travel, required force) of the instructor-side pedals must be ergonomical.
- The original pedals and the added pedals must function normally and smoothly (required force and braking power).
- No interference (contact, friction) with another component (accelerator, heater component, console) will be accepted.
- When using the original pedals, the cable that is part of a cable and pulley system must not risk getting stuck in another component when it becomes slack.
- Brake lights must function normally once the dual pedal mechanism is installed; make sure the lights do not stay on when the brakes are not in use.
Inspection – Testing procedure
- Perform a safe test of the instructor-side brake pedal by simulating an emergency stop while the vehicle is not in motion, with the engine running and the parking brake fully engaged. Maximum pressure (emergency stop) must be applied to the instructor-side brake pedal.
- Repeat this test three times.
- Once the test has been performed, check the condition of the components of the pedal systems on both sides to detect any anomaly, damage, deformation, etc.
- During the tests, pay particular attention to any possible contact between the various components installed. The additional travel distance of the moving parts during an emergency stop could cause unwanted and dangerous contact.
If you have any questions, contact the Direction générale de l’expertise légale et de la sécurité des véhicules: