Taxis and Limousines

Taxi or Limousine Drivers

To drive a taxi or a limousine, you must hold the required licence and permit, carry out pre-trip inspections and comply with the rules that govern that industry.

To drive a taxi or a limousine, you must hold both a licence and a permit

  1. A Class 4C or higher driver's licence or probationary licence
  2. A taxi driver's permit

Depending on the situation, the taxi driver's permit is issued either by the SAAQ or by the Bureau du taxi de Montréal (BTM). This permit is a mandatory complement to the Class 4C driver's licence.

If you offer or provide a taxi transportation service without holding a Class 4C driver’s licence and a taxi driver’s permit, your driver’s licence can be suspended and the vehicle you are driving can be seized immediately and impounded for 7, 30 or 90 days.

To obtain a Class 4C driver's licence

You must:

  • have held a valid Class 5 driver's licence for at least one year
  • have an adequate state of health
  • pass a knowledge test

For more details, consult our Obtaining a Driver's Licence: Taxis and Limousines (Class 4C) section.

Conditions attached to the Class 4C driver's licence

State of health

In order to ensure your safety, as well as the safety of your clients and other road users, you are required to undergo a medical examination and a vision test:

  • 6 months before you turn 45, 55, 60 and 65
  • every 2 years thereafter

For more details, consult our State of Health and Driver’s Licences section.

Zero alcohol

The zero alcohol rule applies to any person who, in the course of his or her work, drives or has the care or control of a taxi.

For more details, consult our Drinking and Driving section.

Taxi driver's permit (pocket number)

To obtain a taxi driver's permit (also known as a “pocket number”), which is valid for 2 years, you must

  • hold a Class 4C driver's licence or probationary licence
  • understand, speak and read French
  • provide a “certificat de recherche” (issued in French only), which is a document confirming that a criminal record check covering the previous 5 years has been carried out. To obtain this document, you must fill out and follow the instructions on the form entitled Demande d’un certificat de recherche – Permis de chauffeur de taxi (PDF, 83 KB) (in French only). The “certificat de recherche” must be issued by a municipal police department or the Sûreté du Québec. Documents issued by private firms or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are not accepted.  
  • provide one of the following documents if this is your first time applying for a taxi driver’s permit:
    • birth certificate issued by the Directeur de l’état civil or by an equivalent body from another Canadian jurisdiction
    • Canadian citizenship certificate
    • permanent resident card
    • certificate of naturalization
    • certificate of retention of Canadian citizenship
    • certificate of registration of birth abroad
  • pass the mandatory training required by the territory in which you will be working
  • pass the taxi driver's permit test

The taxi driver's permit test is administered in one of our service outlets, except for the territory of the city of Montréal, where it is administered by the Bureau du taxi de Montréal (BTM).

Mandatory training by territory served

Territory Act respecting transportation services by taxi and attendant regulation Toponymy and geography Taxi transportation for persons with disabilities

Longueuil and Laval

53 hours

None

7 hours

Québec 

53 hours

50 hours

7 hours

Montréal

53 hours

90 hours

7 hours

Other territories

None

None

7 hours

Taxi driver's permit training centres

Criminal record check

To obtain or renew a taxi driver's permit, you have to request a criminal record check covering the previous 5 years.

Procedure

Step 1 – Fill out the form entitled Demande d'un certificat de recherche – Permis de chauffeur de taxi (PDF, 83 KB) (in French only) before applying for or renewing a permit. The “certificat de recherche” (issued in French only) must be issued by a municipal police department or the Sûreté du Québec. Documents issued by private firms or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are not accepted. 

Step 2 – Take the duly completed form to your municipal police department.

Processing time and fees will apply. Contact your local police department for more information.

If you do not have a criminal record

  • Your permit can be issued or renewed.
  • Come in person to one of our service centres with the "certificat de recherche" issued to you by your municipal police department. Note that you must make an appointment if you are applying for a taxi driver's permit for the first time.
  • If you intend to operate a taxi on the territory of the city of Montréal, you must bring the certificate in person to the BTM.

If you have a criminal record

Your permit cannot be issued or renewed for the time being.

Change of address

You have 30 days to notify us, the Commission des transports du Québec (CTQ) and the BTM (if you work on the territory of Montréal) of a change of address.

Notifying the SAAQ

Online

Change of address

By telephone

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Wednesday: 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Québec area: 418-643-7620
Montréal area: 514-873-7620
Elsewhere (Québec, Canada, United States): 1-800-361-7620

By mail

Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec
333, boulevard Jean-Lesage
Case postale 19600, succursale Terminus
Québec (Québec) G1K 8J6

Notifying the CTQ

Commission des transports du Québec (CTQ)

Notifying the BTM (if you work on the territory of Montréal)

Bureau du taxi de Montréal

Pre-trip inspection

Before each new work shift, you are required to check certain components of your taxi or limousine, such as:

  • the brake fluid level
  • the hand brake
  • the headlights and lights
  • the tires and tire valves
  • the horn
  • the windshield wipers and washer
  • the rearview mirrors
  • the dome light (for taxis)

You must record your observations in a pre-trip inspection report and keep it in the vehicle for one month.

Warning

If there is a major defect

The vehicle is prohibited from road use. The defect must be repaired before the vehicle can be used again. For more details, consult the Road Vehicle Mechanical Inspection Guide (PDF, 12.3 MB)This file does not meet Web accessibility standards..

Other obligations

Other obligations, under the authority of the Ministère des Transports, de la Mobilité durable et de l'Électrification des transports, must be fulfilled, such as:

  • keeping the following documents in the vehicle:
    • the taxi owner's permit
    • your taxi driver's permit
    • a copy of your lease agreement or employment contract
    • your training certificates
    • your taximeter's compliance certificate
  • abiding by the rules of ethics and cleanliness
  • charging a fare in compliance with regulatory requirements

For more details, consult the guide entitled Guide québécois du chauffeur de taxi (in French only).