If you convert a heavy vehicle into a motor home for personal use, you must comply with several requirements to be authorized to put the vehicle back into operation.
Before converting a heavy vehicle into a motor home, you must know the procedure to follow:
The maximum length is generally determined on the basis of the rear overhang, namely:
If you plan to hitch a trailer to the vehicle, its total length is also limited. See the Vehicle Load and Size Limits Regulation.
The rear overhang is measured from the centre of the axle or axle group to the rear end of the vehicle (including the bumper and load).
If the motor home has cargo space, it must not exceed 30% of the length of the vehicle or 3.65 metres.
The driver's compartment must be part of the living space. In addition, it must be readily accessible in an upright position from the inside of the vehicle.
A fifth wheel, or a place to attach one, is not accepted on a hand-crafted motor home.
A heavy vehicle that is converted into a motor home must be designed to seat no more than 9 occupants, including the driver. Every seat must be equipped with a seat belt:
Only equipment designed specifically for installation in a recreational vehicle is accepted. To know more about what equipment may be installed, other than mandatory equipment, please refer to what is offered by the large manufacturers of recreational vehicles. Any unusual or unconventional equipment will be refused.
Installing seat belts on seats that were not designed for this type of device is prohibited.
We may request information on the purchase, origin and installation of the vehicle's seats and seat belts.
We strongly recommend installing carbon monoxide, smoke and propane detectors in a motor home.
If we conclude that the vehicle meets road safety standards, we will issue you:
The certificate of inspection must be kept on board the vehicle at all times.
Once the conversion has been approved by the SAAQ, the vehicle may be registered just like any other motor home.
When you change the vehicle's licence plate, you must show:
The licence plate category must be changed before the heavy vehicle converted into a motor home can be operated legally.
A Class 5 driver's licence is required to drive a motor home.
As long as the heavy vehicle has not been recognized as a motor home
You must hold the appropriate class of licence to drive the vehicle.
Last update: October 9, 2019