Buses and Minibuses

Obligations Related to the Vehicle

Buses and minibuses must meet several requirements to ensure the safety of passengers and other road users.

Persons covered by the safety requirements respecting buses and minibuses

The main safety requirements that govern the use of buses and minibuses concern, at different levels, the following persons:

Buses and minibuses are considered heavy vehiclesVehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, as indicated on the compliance label., regardless of their gross vehicle weight ratingA vehicle's weight, including its maximum load capacity, according to the manufacturer's specifications..

Mechanical inspection and maintenance

In order to ensure that buses and minibuses are in good mechanical condition, the SAAQ enforces regulations and administers programs that allow for interventions in several areas:

  • circle check
  • mandatory mechanical maintenance
  • mandatory periodic mechanical inspection
  • preventative maintenance program
  • specific inspection of the mechanical condition of a motor coach

For more details, consult our Mechanical Inspection and Maintenance of Heavy Vehicles section.

Securement of loads and baggage

Baggage and equipment carried on board buses and minibuses must be safely loaded and restrained to protect passengers from any injury caused by shifting baggage or parcels.

In addition to meeting regulatory load securement standards, drivers must distribute and secure freight, express messenger parcels and baggage so as to ensure:

  • the driver's freedom of movement and effectiveness at the wheel
  • unobstructed passenger access to all exits

For more details, consult our Load Securement section.

Vehicle registration

Owners are required to register any bus or minibus they wish to put into operation.

Documents to keep inside the vehicle

Several documents, such as the daily log, must be kept on board a bus or minibus.

Programme d'inspection et d'entretien des véhicules automobiles lourds (PIEVAL - Heavy vehicle inspection and maintenance program)

Buses and minibuses operated in Québec must comply with polluting emissions standards.

Last update: May 17, 2022