Heavy vehicle drivers are required to comply with the requirements concerning driving and off-duty time and enter the information in a daily log.
The rules governing driving time, on-duty time and off-duty time allow drivers of heavy vehiclesA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. to have a minimum number of hours of rest before getting back on the road and to abide by the maximum number of hours of driving time.
Drivers who are tired pose a higher risk for their own safety and that of other road users.
Abiding by the hours of drivingThe period of time during which a driver operates a heavy vehicle while the engine is running. and off-duty timeAny period of time other than a driver's hours of service. reduces the risk of driver fatigue.
Drivers must comply with the rules governing driving time and off-duty time if they drive one of the following vehicles:
Drivers of buses or minibuses (other than those used for urban transit) must abide by the rules governing driving time and off-duty time, as thoses vehicles are considered heavy vehicles.
Drivers and operators of the following heavy vehicles are exempted from the regulatory requirements governing hours of driving and off-duty time.
A heavy vehicle used for an entire day by an individual for personal purposes (other than commercial or professional ones). Examples:
A heavy vehicle used during part of the day by an individual for personal purposes (other than commercial or professional ones) is exempted for the first 75 kilometres travelled in a day, where the following conditions have been met:
For instance, in the case of a driver who leaves the home terminal (establishment) at the wheel of a road tractor to return home, this driving time is considered to be off-duty for the first 75 kilometres travelled.
If the distance exceeds 75 kilometres, the time to cover this additional distance will be deemed driving hours.
Examples of emergency vehicles:
A road vehicle, other than a vehicle mounted on a truck chassis, manufactured to perform work, the work station of which is an integral part of the driver’s cab. Examples of tool vehicles:
The farm tractorA tractor equipped with tires that is usually used for farm purposes, may or may not be authorized for road use and belongs to a person or corporation that owns or leases a farm and has farming as its primary occupation or is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act. and farm machinery may be owned by:
The farm trailerA trailer with a net weight of 2,300 kg or less owned by a farmer and used primarily to carry farm produce or the equipment required to produce it. must be owned by a farmerA person holding a registration card for an agricultural operation issued by the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec, or a person who is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act..
For the vehicle to be exempted, urban transit must be provided by a public transit corporation or under a contract with a public transit body, an inter-municipal commission or board, a municipality or group of municipalities.
The combination of vehicles is exempted, except for a vehicle combination transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks.
To be exempted, the vehicle must not require the display of safety marks, and cannot be a minibus or a tow truck.
The truck must be used to transport the primary products of a farm, forest or fishery, if the operator of the truck is the producer of the products. For example, this person could be a potato grower who makes deliveries.
This exemption also applies to a vehicle that is used to return to a producer’s place of business; in which case the vehicle must be unladen or must only be carrying goods that go into operating the farm, forest or fishery.
When planning a schedule, a driver must comply with several requirements.
A driver must have taken at least 24 hours of off-duty time during the preceding 14 days.
A driver may choose to calculate his or her hours of driving and off-duty time based on a cycle of:
|Cycle 1 (7 days)||Cycle 2 (14 days)|
No driving is allowed after the driver has accumulated 70 hours of on-duty time over a period of 7 consecutive days.
No driving is allowed after the driver has accumulated:
To reset a current cycle, to begin a new one or to switch cycles, the driver must take:
After having taken this off-duty time, the driver begins a new cycle. The cycle is therefore reset to zero and the hours of on-duty time begin to accumulate again.
A work shift is the time between 2 periods of at least 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.
No driving is allowed if…
A day is a period of 24 hours that begins at the time designated by the operator.
|Daily requirements||No driving is allowed after…|
A driver must take at least 10 hours of off-duty time in a day as follows:
Consult the publication entitled Driving and Off-Duty Time for Heavy Vehicle Drivers (PDF, 1.3 MB) to learn about the rules to follow in the event of:
A driver must fill out a daily log listing all hours of driving, on-duty time other than driving, and off-duty time.
The starting time of the log is also the beginning of the day.
Drivers who meet all of the following conditions are not required to fill out a daily log:
If the driver fills out a daily log, the following documents must be kept in the vehicle:
The driver has 20 days to submit the following documents to the operator: