The pilot project for autonomous buses and minibuses, authorized by order of the Minister of Transport, Sustainable Mobility and Transport Electrification on August 10, 2018, aims to allow autonomous buses and minibuses to be operated on certain public roads in Québec on a trial basis.
Any number of test projects that aim to test the use of autonomous buses and minibuses can be carried out as part of this pilot project. These test projects will serve to assess:
A committee made up of representatives from the Ministère des Transports (MTQ) and the SAAQ will monitor and evaluate each test project from the standpoint of their respective spheres of authority.
Any stakeholder (vehicle manufacturer, distributor or operator) who wishes to take part in the pilot project and operate an autonomous bus or minibus on a territory subject to the Highway Safety Code must email a test project application to email@example.comCe lien ouvrira votre logiciel de messagerie par défaut.
For the test project application to be accepted, the following requirements must be met:
The joint MTQ-SAAQ committee will analyze each application and request any additional information that may be required in order to rule on whether or not the test project qualifies for the pilot project, and on whether the vehicle and proposed route are safe.
For a complete overview of the pilot project’s criteria, refer to the ministerial order for autonomous buses and minibuses in the “Laws and regulations” section below.
For more information about the procedure you must follow if you wish to take part in the pilot project for autonomous buses and minibuses, or if you have any questions about the use of autonomous vehicles on a trial basis in Québec, please send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.orgCe lien ouvrira votre logiciel de messagerie par défaut.
The first test project carried out as part of the pilot project for autonomous buses and minibuses in Québec took place in Candiac and was implemented by Keolis Canada Innovation, S.E.C. This company used an autonomous minibus manufactured by Navya, which was operated at all times by a duly trained driver. The minibus operated along Boulevard Montcalm Nord, between Rue de Verre and Boulevard Marie-Victorin, which represents a round trip of approximately 2 km.
The autonomous minibus operated at a low speed, had a seating capacity of 11, and could take on up to 15 passengers. It took 9 to 10 minutes to ride the complete route.
During the summer of 2019, Transdev, in partnership with the city of Montréal and the manufacturer EasyMile, implemented two autonomous shuttles on a route with a round-trip distance of 2.8 km. The route connected the Olympic Park and the Maisonneuve Market.
The vehicles operated at an average speed of 13 km/h and made the trip in about 10 minutes. Service was free and offered from Mondays to Sundays, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. The project ended on August 4, 2019.