When riding a snowmobile, wearing a helmet is mandatory at all times, as is registration. You also need a valid driver's licence to use a public roadway, in places where this is allowed.
According to the law, a snowmobile is:
“A self-propelled vehicle built for travel primarily on snow or ice, whether equipped or not with steering skis or runners and driven by an endless track in contact with the ground.”
However, there are some exceptions:
In all cases, you must hold a valid driver's licence, regardless of its class.
If you need to cross a public roadway, i.e. a road, you must hold a driver's licence. To comply with this requirement, you must:
Snowmobilers aged 16 and 17 must hold a certificate of competence issued by the Fédération des clubs de motoneigistes du Québec.
Snowmobilers aged 16 and 17 who live in another Canadian province or in another country must hold a snowmobile operator's certificate issued by their place of residence.
Snowmobiles must be registered, even if they are only used on designated trails.
Licence plates must also be affixed to the snowmobile.
You are not covered by the SAAQ in the event of an accident resulting in bodily injury, except if the accident involves another moving registered vehicle.
You must hold private civil liability insurance for at least $500,000 to ensure compensation for any bodily injury or property damage caused by your vehicle in the event of an accident.
Snowmobile operators and passengers as well as passengers on board a sled pulled by a snowmobile must wear:
Except when signs post a higher or lower speed limit.
When you are travelling less than 100 metres away from:
When you are travelling less than 30 metres away from:
If you commit an offence, the penalties that apply are the same as those that apply to any other driver.