Modes of Transportation – On a Motorcycle

Motorcycle Helmets and Protective Gear

Motorcyclists’ protective gear and helmets are the only protection they can count on to avoid injuries or reduce their severity in the event of an accident or a fall.

Helmets: mandatory and compliant with standards

Under the Protective Helmets Regulation, every person riding on a motorcycle, a moped or a motorized scooter, an all-terrain vehicle or a snowmobile must wear a protective helmet that complies with one of the following manufacturing standards:

  • DOT FMVSS 218 (United States Department of Transportation)
  • Snell Memorial Foundation
  • ECE Regulation 22 (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
  • CAN-3-D230 (Canadian Standards Association)
  • Specifications for Protective Headgear for Vehicular User Z90.1 (American National Standards Institute)
  • British Standards Institute
Useful information

Law enforcement officers may request to examine your helmet

If a law enforcement officer asks to examine your helmet, you must comply with the request.

Compliant helmets

Businesses specialized in helmet sales or rentals must supply helmets that comply with current manufacturing standards.

To ensure maximum safety

Helmets must be equipped with visors. If the helmet does not have a visor, the driver must wear protective goggles.

Furthermore, your protective helmet should:

  • cover your entire head (full-face helmet) to offer the best protection against impacts, poor weather and wind
  • be perfectly adjusted yet comfortable:
    • it should not squeeze your head or forehead, and should be able to move only a few millimetres
    • it should be well ventilated to allow proper airflow and prevent fogging up
  • be constructed from fibreglass fibre, carbon or composite materials
  • allow you to properly see blind spots
  • ideally, be light coloured, have reflective or fluorescent patterns, etc.
Useful information

Do not buy a used helmet!

Buying a used helmet halfway through its lifespan for 50% of the cost of a new helmet is not a bargain! In addition to normal wear, there could be damage that is invisible to the naked eye.

Eye protection: mandatory

Drivers must wear eye protection. If the helmet does not have a visor, the driver must wear protective goggles. This requirement applies when the driver is travelling in a zone where the maximum speed limit is over 50 km/h.

For safe protection, the visor or protective goggles must be:

  • shatterproof
  • designed so as not to restrict your field of vision
  • clean and maintained regularly using a non-abrasive product
  • designed to adapt correctly to the helmet or, in the case of goggles, to the contour of your eyes

While not mandatory, it is highly recommended that passengers wear eye protection as well.

Protective gear

Jackets and pants

For maximum protection, your jacket and pants should, among other things:

  • be well adjusted
  • preferably be made of leather or anti-abrasive material, such as Kevlar or Cordura


Your well-adjusted gloves should be made of leather or anti-abrasive material such as Kevlar, and completely cover your hands and wrists.

They should also:

  • be supple so they do not interfere with your manoeuvres
  • have adjustable wrist straps

Watch out for synthetic materials!

Avoid pieces of clothing made of or having a liner made of synthetic materials, because they can burn the skin in a fall. Jeans should also be avoided.


It is important that your boots cover your ankles. They should also:

  • be specially designed for riding a motorcycle
  • have grip soles and flat heels
  • be water-repellent
  • be made of leather or other anti-abrasive material and have reinforced tips and soles

Important: Avoid steel-toed boots.