Modes of Transportation

Technical Guide

The characteristics of each type of moped or scooter are described below, along with their advantages and disadvantages. These are all elements you must take into consideration in order to choose the moped or scooter that best suits your needs.

Various cylinder capacities for two- or three-wheel vehicles

50 cc moped or scooter

These two- or three-wheel vehicles are:

  • equipped with an electric motor or a motor with a maximum 50 cc cylinder capacity
  • equipped with an automatic transmission
  • the smallest scooter model
  • affordable (between $1,800 and $4,400)
  • limited to speeds of about 70 km/h
  • ideal for city driving
  • be at least 14 years old (parental authorization is required for minors)
  • have successfully completed the Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Moped or Motorized Scooter
  • hold a Class 6D driver's licence

OR

  • hold a probationary licence, a passenger vehicle driver's licence (Class 5) or a motorcycle driver's licence (Class 6A, 6B or 6C)

Motorcycle

These two- or three-wheel vehicles:

  • outperform mopeds and scooters
  • are not limited to speeds of about 70 km/h
  • are better suited to regional roads and highways 

Drivers must:

  • be at least 16 years old
  • have successfully completed the motorcycle driving course
  • hold a Class 6 driver's licence (6A, 6B or 6C, according to cylinder capacity)

Power-assisted bicycle

Commonly known as an electric bicycle (or electric scooter), this vehicle is equipped with an electric motor.

Drivers must:

  • be at least 14 years old
  • wear a bicycle helmet

Drivers who are under 18 years old must hold either a moped or motorized scooter driver's licence, a probationary driver's licence (passenger vehicle) or a motorcycle driver's licence.

However, drivers 18 and over may drive power-assisted bicycles without holding any licence.

Motor

Two-stroke

Advantages

  • More powerful than other motors of equal cylinder capacity
  • Better acceleration

Disadvantages

  • Noisier
  • Consumes more gas than a four-stroke motor
  • Consumes more oil
  • Pollutes more

Four-stroke

Advantages

  • Consumes less fuel than other motors of equal cylinder capacity
  • Does not consume any oil
  • Better environmental choice
  • Greater durability (motor)

Disadvantages

  • Less powerful than a two-stroke motor

Single- and dual-seat mopeds or scooters

Single-seat

Moped or scooter designed to carry a single person.

Dual-seat

Moped or scooter designed to carry no more than two people:

  • heavier than single-seat models
  • greater riding stability
  • sturdier, bigger wheels

Important
In order to avoid premature wear or breakage, do not exceed the manufacturer's recommended weight limit.

Place of manufacture

The place of manufacture may be an indication of the quality of the vehicle, and is reflected in its price. Top-of-the-line vehicles are often made in Japan or Europe, whereas more affordable models are made in China, Korea or Taiwan.

Top-of-the-line

  • Steel frame and body
  • Higher load capacity
  • Better suspension
  • Greater durability
  • Better quality components (controls, instrument panel, rear-view mirrors, chrome, paint)
  • Higher price

Entry-level

  • Plastic body
  • Lower load capacity
  • Less durable
  • Lesser quality components
  • More affordable

Last update: July 21, 2021