Modes of Transportation – In an Electric Wheelchair or a 3- or 4-Wheeled Electric Scooter

Electric Wheelchairs or 3- or 4-Wheeled Electric Scooters: What the Law Says

To use an electric wheelchair or a 3- or 4-wheeled electric scooter safely, you must follow certain rules and comply with the terms of the pilot project concerning motorized mobility aids.

Pilot project concerning motorized mobility aids

On June 1, 2015, the Ministère des Transports, de la Mobilité durable et de l’Électrification des transports implemented a new pilot project concerning motorized mobility aids (page in French only). The pilot project will last 3 years.

Useful information

What is a motorized mobility aid?

It is an electric wheelchair or a 3- or 4-wheeled electric scooter designed to carry a person.

Electric wheelchairs are wheelchairs equipped with an electric motor. They are controlled with a joystick controller mounted on one of the armrests and are used by people who can no longer use their legs.

Three-wheeled electric scooters are powered by an electric motor and are equipped with 3 small wheels with a diameter of at least 20 cm, a flat floorboard, a seat and handlebars for steering.

Four-wheeled electric scooters are powered by an electric motor and are equipped with 4 small wheels with a diameter of at least 20 cm, a flat floorboard, a seat and handlebars for steering.

Motorized mobility aid users travelling on the roadway or the shoulder must ride with the flow of traffic.

Where is the use of motorized mobility aids allowed?

  • On sidewalks and bikeways
  • On the far right side of the roadway or on the shoulder of roads with:
    • a single lane in each direction
    • a speed limit of 50 km/h or less
  • On the shoulder of roads where the speed limit is over 50 km/h:
    • the shoulder must be safe and at least 1 metre wide

Where is the use of motorized mobility aids prohibited?

  • On limited access roads, such as highways and their access and exit ramps
  • On the roadway of roads where the speed limit is over 50 km/h
  • On the roadway of roads with more than one lane in each direction

Mandatory equipment for motorized mobility aids

  • Reflectors on all 4 sides of the device (white in front, red at the rear)
  • Triangular orange pennant when travelling on roads with a posted speed limit of 70 km/h or more
  • For 3- and 4-wheeled scooters used at night, a white headlight and a red taillight visible over at least 150 m

See the web site of the Ministère des Transports, de la Mobilité durable et de l’Électrification des transports to know more about all mandatory and recommended accessories (page in French only).

Penalties

Motorized mobility aid users who fail to comply with the requirements and terms set out in the pilot project are liable to a fine.