To use an electric wheelchair or a 3- or 4-wheeled electric scooter safely, you must follow certain rules and comply with the terms of the pilot project concerning motorized mobility aids.
On June 1, 2015, the Ministère des Transports implemented a new pilot project concerning motorized mobility aids (page in French only). This pilot project, which was to end on June 1, 2018, is now extended until June 1, 2020.
It is an electric wheelchair or a 3- or 4-wheeled electric scooter designed to carry a person.
Electric wheelchairs are wheelchairs equipped with an electric motor. They are controlled with a joystick controller mounted on one of the armrests and are used by people who can no longer use their legs.
Three-wheeled electric scooters are powered by an electric motor and are equipped with 3 small wheels with a diameter of at least 20 cm, a flat floorboard, a seat and handlebars for steering.
Four-wheeled electric scooters are powered by an electric motor and are equipped with 4 small wheels with a diameter of at least 20 cm, a flat floorboard, a seat and handlebars for steering.
Motorized mobility aid users travelling on the roadway or the shoulder must ride with the flow of traffic.
See the website of the Ministère des Transports to know more about all mandatory and recommended accessories (page in French only).
Injuries sustained in an accident involving a motorized wheelchair, a 3- or 4-wheeled scooter or any other motor-equipped mobility aid are not covered by the public automobile insurance plan, unless the accident involves a moving vehicle that is covered by the plan.
Motorized mobility aid users who fail to comply with the requirements and terms set out in the pilot project are liable to a fine.
Motorized mobility aid users travelling on the roadway are prohibited from using a display screen and from using a cell phone or any other portable electronic device designed to send or receive information or designed to be used for entertainment purposes.
For example, using a cell phone or handling it in any way while operating a motorized mobility aid automatically leads to a fine of $30 to $60.
Motorized mobility aid users are also prohibited from wearing headphones.
Operating a motorized mobility aid while impaired by drugs, medication or alcohol is prohibited. The Criminal Code also applies to driving these types of devices.
Should you commit an offence while driving a motorized mobility aid, the same penalties apply as for an offence involving any other type of road vehicle.