Electric bikes do not need to be registered. However, the Highway Safety Code sets out specific rules regarding their use, including the obligation to wear a helmet.
Electric bikes, or e-bikes, officially called “power-assisted cycles,” are equipped with:
The Highway Safety Code sets out specific rules that apply to those who operate electric bikes, including the obligation to wear a bike helmet.
The helmet must be made of a rigid shell with a padded interior and be equipped with a chin strap.
In addition to being illegal, a helmet that does not meet one of these standards could fail to give you adequate protection.
Electric bikes and helmets: you could be fined!
If you do not comply with the rules set out in the Highway Safety Code, you could be fined between $60 and $100.
Head injuries can be fatal. Make sure you adjust your helmet properly.
Electric bikes must bear the label affixed by the manufacturer.
Injuries sustained in an accident involving an electric bike (or a motor-equipped bicycle or tricycle) are not covered by the public automobile insurance plan, unless the accident involves a moving vehicle that is covered by the plan.
You must be aged 14 or older to ride an electric bike.
You must have at least a driver's licence bearing Class 6D authorizing you to operate a moped or scooterA 2- or 3-wheel passenger vehicle equipped with an electric motor or a gasoline-powered engine with a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc and an automatic transmission..
No licence is necessary.
Operating a bicycle equipped with a combustion engine (such as a gasoline engine) on the road network or on bikeways is prohibited.
Adding such an engine converts the bicycle into a hand-crafted moped or scooterA 2- or 3-wheel passenger vehicle equipped with an electric motor or a gasoline-powered engine with a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc and an automatic transmission. or into a hand-crafted motorcyclePassenger vehicle, other than a power-assisted bicycle, having two or three wheels that has at least one characteristic different from the characteristics of a moped..
The Highway Safety Code prohibits such conversions.
There may be some confusion between electric mopeds and electric bikes.
They have a similar appearance, especially when the removable pedals are taken off an electric bike. However, electric mopeds must be registered, whereas electric bikes do not need to be.
Last update: April 8, 2020