From December 1 to March 15, your vehicle must be equipped with four winter tires that meet established standards and are in good condition. Depending on the Québec region in which you live, it might be preferable to have your winter tires installed before December 1 and keep them on your vehicle after March 15. While you’re having your tires changed, why not give your vehicle a proper tune-up before the cold season hits?
To drive safely during the winter months, the Ministère des Transports recommends that you do a proper tune-up before the cold hits.
Important things to check include:
Windshield wipers and the heating and defrosting system
Brake and power steering fluids
Motor oil and transmission oil
Tires, including the spare tire
Electrical and ignition systems
Headlights, turn signal lights, hazard lights and the horn
Drive belts, brakes, the battery and the alternator
Winter Tires: Mandatory from December 1 to March 15 inclusive
From December 1 to March 15 inclusive, all passenger vehicles registered in Québec, as well as taxis, must be equipped with winter tires.
This requirement also applies to rental passenger vehicles in Québec, as well as mopeds, motorized scooters and motorcycles.
If your vehicle is not equipped with winter tires between December 1 and March 15 inclusive
The fine varies from $200 to $300, plus costs.
Winter tires: be ready before December 1
Even though winter tires are not mandatory before December 1, winter can arrive early. Don't let it catch you unprepared!
Winter tires requirement: a few exceptions
The winter tires requirement does not apply:
for the first 7 days following the purchase of a passenger vehicle from a dealer
for the last 7 days before the end of a lease of 12 months or more
to passenger vehiclesA motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, a moped and a minibus. This vehicle must be owned by a natural person, carry up to 9 occupants (where such transportation does not require a permit from the Commission des transports du Québec), and be used mainly for personal purposes. with dealer plates (X plates)
to motor homesA motor vehicle permanently converted into living quarters.
to the spare tire of a passenger vehicle or taxi
to motorcycles used as emergency vehiclesA road vehicle used as a police car in accordance with the Police Act (chapter P-13.1), a road vehicle used as an ambulance in accordance with the Act respecting pre-hospital emergency services (chapter S-6.2), a fire safety vehicle, or any other road vehicle which meets the criteria established by regulation for recognition as an emergency vehicle by the SAAQ.
As soon as the temperature drops below 7°C, or when there is ice or snow on the road, the rubber compound of summer and all-season tires hardens and loses its grip. Moreover, the treads on summer tires are not designed to hold snow like those on winter tires. The snow held in the treads of winter tires helps improve their traction and grip.
Since we can generally expect such weather conditions before December 1, it is highly recommended that you equip your vehicle with winter tires before this mandatory deadline.
The rubber compound of winter tires is designed to grip the road
The rubber compound of winter tires is specially designed to meet certain flexibility criteria in temperatures as low as -40 °C, which means better grip on the road surface.
Official pictogram for winter tires
Since December 15, 2014, only tires on which this pictogram is found and studded tires are considered winter tires under the Highway Safety Code.
Check the tread depth of used winter tires
For better traction, the tread depth of your tires must be at least 4.8 mm (6/32 in) when they are installed.
Even though legislation allows for the use of tires with a tread depth of only 1.6 mm (2/32 in), you may be compromising your safety if it is below 4.8 mm (6/32 in).
Check the date the tires were made!
Be sure to check the date the tires were made, especially when you are buying them.
The tread on older tires is harder and less effective on snow and ice.
How to find the date a tire was made
On the tire wall, find the DOT identification number that ends with a 4-digit number. For example, 3613 means that the tire was made in the 36th week of 2013.
Studded tires and chains: authorized between October 15 and May 1 inclusive
Studded tires are authorized for:
commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of no more than 3,000 kg
Chains are authorized on the tires of:
road vehicles used for snow removal and winter maintenance