The law is no different when you are in a taxi! All passengers must fasten their seat belts.
When you ride in a taxi or use Uber’s rideshare service, you must buckle up. If you don't fasten your seat belt, the same penalties and fines apply as when you are in any other vehicle equipped with seat belts.
On the majority of public roads, including roads located within town and city limits, taxi drivers are exempt from wearing seat belts when they are on duty.
However, they are required to wear their seat belts when driving on a numbered public road, such as a highway.
While on duty, Uber drivers are required to wear their seat belts at all times. Under no circumstances are Uber drivers exempt from the obligation to wear a seat belt.
If the taxi has no child safety seats, the child must wear a seat belt.
Buckle your seat belt and hold the child in your arms.
Do not buckle the child in with you because your weight could crush him or her in the event of an impact or sudden braking.
Children whose sitting height is less than 63 cm must be secured in a child safety seat appropriate for their weight and height.
Note, however, that a new Highway Safety Code measure will come into effect in April 2019. Children who are less than 145 cm tall or who are under 9 years of age will have to be secured in a child safety seat.
If you take a taxi with children under 16 years of age, make sure they fasten their seat belts. If they don't, you will be the one to receive the fine and 3 demerit points—not the taxi driver!
Passengers 16 and older are fined directly and the demerit points are entered on their driving record (even if they don't have a driver's licence yet).
When using Uber, as when using a personal vehicle, it is the driver who is legally responsible for ensuring that passengers under 16 are properly buckled in.