If children are unable to fasten their seat belts like grown-ups, they must be placed in child safety seats that are appropriate for their weight and height.
Under the Highway Safety Code, children whose sitting height is less than 63 cm (measured from the seat to the top of the head) must be secured in an appropriate car seat that is adapted to their weight and height.
Note, however, that a new measure will come into effect on April 18, 2019. Children will have to be secured in a child safety seat that is appropriate for their weight and height until they are 9 years old or at least 145 cm tall.
The child’s position in the vehicle’s seat must be checked:
Children who are not tall enough and whose legs are too short to bend over the edge of the seat will tend to slide under the seat belt to get comfortable and keep their calves from resting on the edge of the seat.
In the event of a collision or sudden braking, this could lead to serious injuries to the spine or internal organs because the seat belt is pressing against the abdomen rather than on the hips.
The child must continue to use a booster seat. Most children under 8 years of age will have to use a booster seat, and some will have to use one until they are 12.
Chidren and seat belts: what to avoid
You must follow certain rules when riding in a taxi with young children. Should you fail to follow them, you will face fines and demerit points.
See our Seat Belts and Taxis section for information on how to avoid problems and ride in a taxi safely.