Obtaining a Driver's Licence

Motorcycles (Classes 6A, 6B, 6C and 6E)

Change

To obtain a Class 6A, 6B or 6C motorcycle driver's licence, you have to pass a knowledge test, take a course, and pass 2 road tests. For a 3-wheeled motorcycle (Class 6E), you must hold a Class 5 driver's licence and take a one-day course.

There are 4 classes of motorcycle driver's licence:

  • Class 6A: any motorcycle
  • Class 6B: motorcycles with a cylinder capacity of 400 cc or less
  • Class 6C: motorcycles with a cylinder capacity of 125 cc or less
  • Class 6E: 3-wheeled motorcycles only
Useful information

To drive a 3-wheeled motorcycle (Class 6E)

You must hold:

  • a motorcycle driver's licence (Class 6A, 6B or 6C)
  • OR

  • both of the following licence classes:
  • AND

  • Take the 7-hour Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle driving course:

1 Eligibility

To obtain a Class 6A, 6B or 6C motorcycle driver's licence you must:

  • be at least 16 years of age
  • have the written consent of your father, mother or legal guardian, if you under age 18
  • if this is your first licence, complete the required questionnaire (PDF, 237 KB) before starting the driving course

If you are not a Canadian citizen

You must provide proof that you are authorized to stay in Canada for at least 6 months.

2 Self-study

To pass the Class 6A, 6B or 6C knowledge test, you need to master the basic theoretical concepts. If you pass the test, you will obtain a Class 6R learner's licence.

With the learner's licence, you can operate a motorcycle on a closed circuit and on the road as part of the driving course, provided you are accompanied by your instructor. The driving school must be recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

Preparing for the tests

We recommend that you study the following publications:

They can be purchased from Publications du Québec and at bookstores.

If you do not hold a Class 5 driver's licence

Carefully study the Driver's Handbook, since the test will include questions about road signs and signals and traffic rules.

To obtain a Class 6E licence to drive a 3-wheeled motorcycle

You must:

  • hold a valid Class 5 (automobile) driver’s licence
  • successfully complete the Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle. This one-day course consists of:
    • a 3-hour theoretical component
    • a 2-hour closed track component
    • a 2-hour on-road practical component
    • a 1-hour evaluation

The course must be taken at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

If you are not a Canadian citizen

You must schedule an appointment by telephone before registering for a driving course.

Montréal area: 514 954-7771
Elsewhere in Québec: 1 888 356-6616

A clerk will ask you which official documents you have in your possession (birth certificate, Permanent Resident Card, passport, etc.) to determine your status and check which procedure applies to your situation.

3 Knowledge test to obtain a Class 6R learner's licence

    • Costs

      • Knowledge Test: $11.00
      • Learner's Licence – Class 6R: $60.91 (valid 18 months)
    • Time/Duration

      • 1 hour

Passing the knowledge test allows you to obtain a Class 6R learner’s licence.

With the Class 6R learner’s licence, you may operate a motorcycle on a closed circuit and on the road with an instructor during the practical training given by a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

This test is designed to evaluate

  • your knowledge and understanding of the concepts related to the operation of a motorcycle
  • your ability to apply this knowledge to driving situations

The test varies according to your situation

If you hold a Class 5 (automobile) driver’s licence or probationary licence

The test is made up of 32 questions covering driving techniques, risks and behaviours to adopt.

If you are a new driver

There are 3 tests with a total of 64 questions covering driving a motorcycle, road signs and signals and traffic rules.

To obtain a Class 6E licence to drive a 3-wheeled motorcycle

You are not required to take the knowledge test. However, you must:

  • hold a valid Class 5 (automobile) driver’s licence
  • successfully complete the Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle. This one-day course consists of:
    • a 3-hour theoretical component
    • a 2-hour closed track practical component
    • a 2-hour on-road practical component
    • a 1-hour evaluation

The course must be taken at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

Taking the knowledge test – Class 6R learner's licence

You must schedule an appointment

Online

Driving Test – Motorcycles

Using the automated telephone service

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test

On the day of the test

You must:

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you have scheduled an appointment to take the test

Step 2 – Prove your identity:

  • if you hold a probationary licence, a driver's licence or an ID card issued by the SAAQ for the tests, show one of these documents, as your file will have already been created.
  • if you do not hold a Québec licence with photo, you must present two official documents, including one with photo

Documents you must present in order to obtain a driver's licence for the first time

If you were born in Canada

At least one of the two documents must be from the following list:

  • Original copy of the birth certificate issued by the Directeur de l’état civil du Québec after January 1, 1994 or by another Canadian province or territory
  • Canadian Citizenship Certificate with photo
  • Canadian passport
  • Official Canadian Armed Forces identity card
  • Certificate of Indian Status

The other document may be one of the following:

  • Health Insurance Card
  • Driver’s licence issued by a jurisdiction other than Québec
If you were not born in Canada

At least one of the two documents must be from the following list:

  • Canadian Citizenship Certificate with photo
  • Proof of known legal presence in Canada
  • Permanent Resident Card

The other document may be one of the following:

  • Health Insurance Card
  • Foreign driver’s licence

Step 3 – If you are under age 18, present the Consent of a Person Having Parental Authority (PDF, 103 KB) form, duly completed and signed by your mother, father or legal guardian

Step 4 – Fill out the Declaration of Illness or Impairment form

Step 5 – Pass the vision test

Step 6 – Pass the knowledge test

Step 7 – Pay the applicable fees for:

  • the knowledge test
  • the Class 6R learner's licence

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing marks

  • 85% for the section on operating a motorcycle
  • 75% for the section on road signs and signals and traffic rules

If you fail the test

You must wait at least 28 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to reschedule another appointment.

4 Training at an accredited driving school

    • Time/Duration

      • 30 days or more

The next step in obtaining a Class 6A, 6B or 6C licence is to register for a course at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

Training at a driving school

Here you will put into practice the proper techniques and manoeuvres to operate a motorcycle. You have a minimum of 30 days to pass this course, which consists of two blocks:

1st block

Driving on a closed track
  • Theoretical training to prepare you to operate a motorcycle on a closed track
    • 1 block of 3 hours
  • Practical training
    • 4 blocks of 4 hours each = 16 hours

2nd block

Driving on the road
  • Theoretical training to prepare you to operate a motorcycle on the road
    • 1 block of 3 hours
  • Practical training
    • 5 blocks of 2 hours each = 10 hours

If the instructor concludes that you have passed the training, the driving school will give you an attestation.

To obtain a Class 6E licence to drive a 3-wheeled motorcycle

You must:

  • hold a valid Class 5 (automobile) driver’s licence
  • successfully complete the Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle. This one-day course consists of:
    • a 3-hour theoretical component
    • a 2-hour closed track component
    • a 2-hour on-road practical component
    • a 1-hour evaluation

The course must be taken at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

Useful information

On a motorcycle, wear the right gear at all times

  • A helmet that meets safety standards, with a visor or protective goggles
  • A long-sleeved jacket made of leather or an anti-abrasive material, such as Kevlar or Cordura
  • Long pants made of leather or an anti-abrasive material
  • Leather gloves that cover the wrists
  • Boots with grip soles and flat heels designed for motorcycle riding

5 Closed track road test – Class 6A learner's licence

    • Costs

      • Closed Track Road Test: $27.50
      • Learner's Licence – Class 6A: $15.20
    • Time/Duration

      • Plan for 30 minutes

Once you have completed the training, you may take the closed track test to obtain the Class 6A learner’s licence.

With a Class 6A learner’s licence, you may operate a motorcycle with an experienced accompanying riderPerson who has held a valid driver's licence for 2 years of the same class of licence as that sought by the learner driver, and who is qualified to provide the learner with help and advice. . You must hold a Class 6A learner’s licence for at least 11 months.

Before taking the closed track road test

You must:

  • have held a Class 6R licence for at least one month
  • have successfully completed the driving course at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only)

Motorcycle used during the test

We do not provide you with a motorcycle for the test. You must report to the test with a 2-wheeled motorcycle that is equipped with a manual transmission, registered, and in good mechanical condition.

If you rent a motorcycle, we only accept motorcycles with a cylinder capacity of more than 400 cc.

If you are the owner of the motorcycle, a lower cylinder capacity will be accepted.

We do not accept:

  • off-road motorcycles, such as trail bikes
  • motorcycles with a side-car
  • 3- or 4-wheeled motorcycles
  • motorcycles equipped with an automatic transmission

Your motorcycle must be in good mechanical condition

Otherwise, you will not be allowed to take the test. Mechanical components to be inspected before the test:

  • white headlight
  • low beams and high beams
  • rear lights and reflectors
  • brake lights
  • turn signal lights
  • brakes
  • tires
  • speedometer
  • footrests
  • muffler
  • rearview mirrors
  • horn
  • seat, fenders and chain guard
  • gas tank
  • licence plate (lit, and free of any object)
  • windshield, if any

No components of the motorcycle may be held in place with bonding material, such as adhesive tape or a rope.

Test procedure

During the test, the examiner will give you instructions on the specific manoeuvres to carry out. For example, you will be asked to:

  • move forward and stop
  • ride at low speed
  • ride in a curve
  • make a right turn
  • carry out a slalom manoeuvre
  • carry out an emergency braking manoeuvre
  • avoid an obstacle

Whether or not you pass the test, the examiner will take the time to point out your strong points and those that need improvement.

To obtain a Class 6E licence to drive a 3-wheeled motorcycle

You are not required to take the knowledge test. However, you must:

  • hold a valid Class 5 (automobile) driver’s licence
  • successfully complete the Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle. This one-day course consists of:
    • a 3-hour theoretical component
    • a 2-hour closed track practical component
    • a 2-hour on-road practical component
    • a 1-hour evaluation

The course must be taken at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

Taking the closed track road test – Class 6A learner's licence

You must schedule an appointment

Online

Driving Test – Motorcycles

Using the automated telephone service

Making an appointment for a driving test – you will have to provide your Class 6R learner's licence number

Cancelling the test

If you cannot make it to your test, we ask that you cancel the appointment at least 48 hours in advance. Otherwise you will be charged a cancellation fee.

In case of poor weather, check to make sure your appointment has not been cancelled.

On the day of the test

You must:

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment to take the test

Step 2 – Bring:

  • your Class 6R learner's licence
    OR
  • one of the official documents required on the day of the knowledge test: birth certificate, Health Insurance Card, etc.
    AND
  • your attestation of successful completion of a driving course
  • the Consent of a Person Having Parental Authority (PDF, 103 KB) form, duly completed and signed by your mother, father or legal guardian, if you are under age 18
  • the valid and signed registration certificate
  • proof of liability insurance for the motorcycle you will be using during the test

Step 3 – Take the closed track test

Step 4 – Pay the applicable fees for:

  • the test
  • the Class 6A learner's licence (if you pass the test)

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing mark

The passing mark is 75%.

If you fail the test

You must wait at least 14 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to schedule another appointment.

6 Operating a motorcycle with an accompanying rider

Your Class 6A learner's licence authorizes you to get out on the road and perfect your skills for at least 11 months under the supervision of an accompanying riderPerson who has held a valid driver's licence for 2 years of the same class of licence as that sought by the learner driver, and who is qualified to provide the learner with help and advice. .

Take advantage of this opportunity to log as many hours of riding as possible in order to make regular progress.

Obligations of learner's licence holders

  • Always drive with an accompanying rider – that is, a motorcyclist who is riding on his or her own motorcycle and who has held a valid Class 6A, 6B or 6C driver's licence for at least 2 years.
  • Never carry any passengers.

If you do not hold a Class 5 driver's licence

You are subject to:

  • the 4 demerit point bracket
  • the zero alcohol rule while driving
Warning

Wear the right gear

Wearing full motorcycle safety gear is your only protection in the event of an accident or a fall. Wearing a helmet, a vest and pants made of leather or an anti-abrasive material, and leather gloves and grip-sole boots will guarantee your safety.

7 Road test to obtain the driver's licence or probationary licence

    • Costs

      • Road Test: $99.00
      • Probationary Licence: $184.34 – for 24 months
      • Driver's Licence: $99.87 – annual cost
      • Adding Class 6A, 6B, 6C or 6E to a Class 5 licence: $15.20
      • Class 5 Driver's Licence With Class 6A, 6B, 6C or 6E: 2015: $171.92 – annual cost
    • Time/Duration

      • Plan for 30 minutes

The road test is the final step before obtaining a Class 6A, 6B or 6C driver’s licence or probationary licence.

Before taking the test

Licence

You must have held a Class 6A learner’s licence for at least 11 months.

Motorcycle used during the test

We do not provide you with a motorcycle for the test. You must report to your test with a 2-wheeled motorcycle that is equipped with a manual transmission, registered, and in good mechanical condition.

For this test, you can choose the cylinder capacity you want to use. However, make sure the motorcycle matches the class of licence you want to obtain:

  • cylinder capacity of more than 400 cc to obtain Class 6A (all motorcycles)
  • cylinder capacity of 126 cc to 400 cc to obtain Class 6B
  • cylinder capacity of 125 cc or less to obtain Class 6C
Your motorcycle must be in good mechanical condition

Otherwise, you will not be allowed to take the test. Mechanical components to be inspected before the test:

  • white headlight
  • low beams and high beams
  • rear lights and reflectors
  • brake lights
  • turn signal lights
  • brakes
  • tires
  • speedometer
  • footrests
  • muffler
  • rearview mirrors
  • horn
  • seat, fenders and chain guard
  • gas tank
  • licence plate (lit, and free of any object)
  • windshield, if any

No components of the motorcycle may be held in place with bonding material, such as adhesive tape or a rope.

What does the test consist of?

The road test is designed to assess your ability to operate a motorcycle in common situations, such as:

  • merging with traffic
  • stopping at an intersection
  • making turns
  • changing lanes

You will be evaluated on the following points:

  • your driving skills as you execute the manoeuvres
  • whether you obey traffic rules and your ability to drive safely
  • your ability to control the motorcycle and your riding behaviour

To obtain a Class 6E licence to drive a 3-wheeled motorcycle

You are not required to take the knowledge test. However, you must:

  • hold a valid Class 5 (automobile) driver’s licence
  • successfully complete the Road Safety Education Program – Operating a Three-Wheeled Motorcycle. This one-day course consists of:
    • a 3-hour theoretical component
    • a 2-hour closed track practical component
    • a 2-hour on-road practical component
    • a 1-hour evaluation

The course must be taken at a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr – website in French only).

Taking the road test

You must schedule an appointment

Online

Driving Test – Motorcycles

Using the automated telephone service

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test – you will have to provide your 6A learner's licence number

On the day of the test

You must:

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment to take the test

Step 2 – Bring:

Step 3 – Pay the applicable fees for:

  • the test
  • and, if you pass the test
    • the probationary licence: fixed amount for 24 months
      OR
    • the driver's licence: this amount, established for a period of 12 months, will be adjusted based on the months remaining before the renewal date

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Warning

If you cannot make it to the test

You must cancel your appointment at least 48 hours in advance otherwise you will be charged a cancellation fee.

In case of poor weather

Check whether your appointment has been cancelled.

Test procedure

The examiner will take the time to explain the test procedure. You will then be asked to wear a vest displaying the words “Examen moto SAAQ.”

The examiner will then follow you in an automobile driven by an assistant. The vehicle is equipped with a sign displaying the words “Examen moto SAAQ.” You will be provided with a hearing device to hear the examiner's instructions.

Whether you pass or fail the test, the examiner will take the time to indicate your strong points as well as the areas that need improvement.

Passing mark

The passing mark is 75%

If you fail the test

You must wait at least 56 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to make another appointment.

Obtaining a probationary licence

If you pass the test and you do not hold a Class 5 driver's licence, you will be issued a Class 6A, 6B or 6C probationary licence.

After 2 years, you may obtain a Class 6A, 6B or 6C driver's licence.

To keep your probationary licence

You must:

  • have fewer than 4 demerit points on your driving record
  • abide by the zero-alcohol rule while driving
Warning

The probationary licence does not authorize its holder to act as an accompanying rider for a learner driver

To act as an accompanying rider, you must have held a valid driver's licence for at least 2 years.