Obtaining a Driver's Licence

Truck (Class 3)

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To obtain a Class 3 licence to drive a truck, you must have held a valid Class 5 driver's licence for at least 2 years, have a good driving record, be in good health, and pass a knowledge test and 2 road tests.

A Class 3 licence authorizes its holder to drive:

  • a truckRoad vehicle with two axles and a net weight over 3,000 kg manufactured exclusively to transport goods or equipment to which it is permanently affixed or to transport this equipment or goods. with 2 axlesA crosspiece, located under a vehicle, to which are attached the wheels that support the vehicle. and whose net weightWeight of the vehicle and the equipment permanently attached to it, excluding the weight of its load. is 4,500 kg or more
  • a truck with three or more axles
  • any of these 2 vehicles when hauling a trailer whose net weight is less than 2,000 kg or an equipment trailer whose net weight is less than 4,500 kg

A Class 3 driver's licence also authorizes its holder to drive any other class of vehicle, except:

  • combinations of road vehicles (Class 1)
  • buses with a seating capacity of more than 24 passengers (Class 2)
  • motorcycles (Class 6)
Useful information

F and M endorsements

While you are taking the steps to obtain a Class 3 licence, you can go through the procedure to obtain:

  • the F endorsement, which attests to the ability to drive a heavy vehicleA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. equipped with an air brake system
  • the M endorsement, which attests to the ability to drive a heavy vehicleA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. equipped with a manual (standard) transmission

1 Eligibility

Basic requirements to obtain a Class 3 licence

Driving record

  • You must have fewer than 4 demerit points entered in your record.
  • Your driver's licence must not have been suspended or revoked in the previous 2 years as a result of an accumulation of demerit points or a driving-related Criminal Code offence.

Driving experience

  • You must have accumulated 2 years of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) driver's licence or probationary licence

2 Medical assessment and vision test

The first step in obtaining a Class 3 learner's licence is to go to one of our service outlets to undergo a vision test.

During your visit, we will give you a medical assessment form that you must have completed and signed by a physician. The report of the assessment must be satisfactory and show that you have the physical capacity required to drive a truck.

On the day of your knowledge test, we will ask you for the authorization letter we will have sent you following the medical assessment.

3 Preparing for the knowledge test and road tests

To obtain a Class 3 driver's licence, you must have the required theoretical and practical knowledge.

To prepare for the tests

We recommend that you study the following publications:

They are available for purchase from Publications du Québec and at bookstores.

We also recommend the document entitled Inspect Before You Go (PDF, 4.0 MB).

4 Knowledge test and obtaining the learner's licence

Passing the knowledge test allows you to obtain a Class 3 learner's licence. This licence authorizes you to drive on the road with an accompanying riderPerson who has held a valid driver's licence for 2 years of the same class of licence as that sought by the learner driver, and who is qualified to provide the learner with help and advice. .

The knowledge test

This test assesses:

  • your understanding of traffic rules and the skills required to handle a truck
  • your knowledge about the behaviours to adopt in certain driving situations

Taking the test

You must schedule an appointment

Online

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test – Heavy Vehicle Combinations

Using our automated telephone service

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test

Useful information

If you want to obtain the F endorsement…

  • You may register at the same time for the knowledge test for the F endorsement – driving vehicles equipped with an air brake system.
  • If you do not register for either of these tests at the same time:
    • you will have to schedule another appointment to take the test before you take the road tests.
    • additional fees will apply.
To register:

Québec area: 418 643-5213
Montréal area: 514 873-5803
Elsewhere: 1 888 667-8687

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test and bring:

  • your driver’s licence
  • the authorization letter we sent you following the medical assessment

Step 2 – Pay the fees for:

  • the knowledge test: $11.00
  • the learner’s licence: $57.40 (valid for 18 months), if you passed the test

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing mark

The passing mark is 75%.

If you fail the knowledge test

You must wait at least 7 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to make another appointment and pay the test fees again.

5 On-road learning period

Once you have obtained your learner's licence, you will have to practice your skills to master:

  • pre-trip inspections
  • driving manoeuvres
  • behaviours to adopt in certain driving situations

Mandatory minimum on-road learning period

To register for the road tests, you must have held a Class 3 learner's licence for at least:

  • 3 months
  • OR

  • 1 month, if you meet any of the following requirements:
    • you are 25 years of age or older
    • you have accumulated 60 months of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) driver's licence

Practical experience with an accompanying rider

When you practise on the road, you must always have an accompanying riderPerson who has held a valid driver's licence for 2 years of the same class of licence as that sought by the learner driver, and who is qualified to provide the learner with help and advice. with you.

If the vehicle is equipped with an air brake system – F endorsement – or a manual transmission – M endorsement –, your accompanying rider’s driver’s licence must include these endorsements.

Given that driving a heavy vehicle is a complex task, you should drive as often as possible, on different roads, both day and night, and in a variety of weather conditions.

Importance of the pre-trip inspection

Every time you get out on the road with a heavy vehicle, you must carry out a pre-trip inspection. Through practice, you will develop an efficient inspection technique that will allow you to check the vehicle's compliance and increase road safety.

Other requirements

You must also comply with the other obligations of heavy vehicle drivers, such as load securement standards and the hours of driving and off-duty time.

6 Road tests: pre-trip inspection and driving test

    • Costs

      • Pre-Trip Inspection Test: $11.00
      • Driving Test: $54.75
      • Adding a Class to a Driver's Licence: $15.20 (including photo fee)
    • Time/Duration

      • Pre-trip inspection test: Approximately 15 minutes
      • Driving test: Approximately 30 minutes
    • Documents to provide

      • Learner's licence
      • Original copy of the valid and signed registration certificate
      • Proof of liability insurance for the vehicle you will use for the tests

Once you have completed the practical learning period, you can register for the 2 road tests.

Pre-trip inspection test

This test covers the mechanical components that are mandatory for all driver's to inspect before using a heavy vehicle.

During the 15-minute test, you must describe everything you are doing, as well as the defects you are looking for, to your examiner. You must carry out your inspection safely and efficiently.

The heavy vehicle road test assesses:

  • your driving skills in regard to commonly executed manoeuvres
  • your observance of traffic rules and use of recognized driving techniques
  • your driving behaviour
  • your ability to execute the double-clutch technique, if you are driving a vehicle with a manual transmission – M endorsement

To prepare for these tests

We suggest you study:

They are available for purchase from Publications du Québec or at bookstores.

Obtaining the F and M endorsements

If you want to drive a heavy vehicle equipped with an air brake system – F endorsement – or a manual transmission – M endorsement –, you must pass the road tests with a vehicle that is equipped accordingly.

Taking the tests

You must schedule an appointment.

Online

Driving Test – Straight-Body Trucks

Using our automated telephone service

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test

You will have to provide your learner's licence number.

Useful information

Vehicle used for the road tests

You must report to the road tests with:

  • a Class 3 vehicle equipped with either a flatbed, a dump body or a box to transport goods and, if applicable, fitted with the equipment that corresponds to the endorsements you would like to obtain:
    • air brake system (F endorsement)
    • manual (standard) transmission (M endorsement)
  • the vehicle must be free of any major mechanical defects
  • a valid inspection sticker

During the test, you will not be allowed to:

  • carry any passengers
  • use a vehicle that is used to transport dangerous substances

If the vehicle fails to meet our requirements

You will not be allowed to take the tests.

If you cannot make it to the tests…

You must cancel at least 48 hours in advance, or you will be charged a $21.90 fee.

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test, and bring:

  • your driver’s licence
  • the authorization letter we sent you following the medical assessment

Step 2 Pay the fees for:

  • the pre-trip inspection test: $11.00
  • the driving test: $54.75
  • the addition of a class to your driver’s licence: $15.20, including the photo

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing marks

The passing marks are:

  • 75% for each road test
  • 75% for both the F and M endorsement tests

If you fail any of the tests

You must wait at least 7 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to make another appointment and pay the test fees again.

If you only have to retake the heavy vehicle driving test

You will be required to have carried out a pre-trip inspection before reporting to your test.

You will be asked to provide the pre-trip inspection report for the current day.