Obtaining a Driver's Licence

Combination of Road Vehicles (Class 1)

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To obtain a Class 1 driver's licence to be authorized to drive a combination of road vehicles, you must have held a valid Class 5 driver's licence for at least 2 or 3 years, depending on the situation, have a good driving record, be in good health, and pass a knowledge test and 2 road tests.

A Class 1 licence authorizes its holder to drive a combination of road vehicles consisting of:

  • a road tractorA motor vehicle that has no cargo space and that is permanently equipped with a fifth wheel. with 2 axlesA crosspiece, located under a vehicle, to which are attached the wheels that support the vehicle. and a net weightWeight of the vehicle and the equipment permanently attached to it, excluding the weight of its load. of 4,500 kg or more, hauling one or more trailers or semi-trailers
  • a road tractor with three axles or more hauling one or more trailers or semi-trailers
  • a truckRoad vehicle with two axles and a net weight over 3,000 kg manufactured exclusively to transport goods or equipment to which it is permanently affixed or to transport this equipment or goods. covered by Class 3 hauling a trailer or semi-trailer whose net weight is 4,500 kg or more and which is only used to transport equipment, tools or furnishings as part of its permanent equipment
  • a truck covered by Class 3 hauling any trailer or semi-trailer other than those described above and whose net weight is 2,000 kg or more

A Class 1 licence also authorizes its holder to drive all other types of road vehicles, except for motorcycles

Useful information

F and M endorsements

While you are taking the steps to obtain a Class 1 licence, you can go through the procedure to obtain:

  • the F endorsement, which attests to the ability to drive a heavy vehicleA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. equipped with an air brake system
  • the M endorsement, which attests to the ability to drive a heavy vehicleA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. equipped with a manual (standard) transmission

1 Eligibility

Driving record

  • You must have fewer than 4 demerit points entered in your record.
  • Your driver's licence must not have been suspended or revoked in the previous 2 years as a result of an accumulation of demerit points or a driving-related Criminal Code offence.

Driving experience

  • You must have 36 months of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) driver's licence or probationary licence
  • OR

  • You must have 24 months of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) driver's licence or probationary licence if you have:
    • received a Diploma of Vocational Studies (DEP) in truck transportation issued by the Ministère de l'Éducation et de l'Enseignement supérieur
    • OR
    • completed a 300-hour program on driving a Class 1 vehicle on the road

Driving schools that offer the DEP in truck transportation

Centre de formation en transport de Charlesbourg (Web site in French only)

700, rue de l'Argon
Québec (Québec)  G2N 2G5
Telephone: 418 634-5580

Centre de formation en transport routier Saint-Jérôme

17000, rue Aubin
Mirabel (Québec)  J7J 1B1
Telephone: 450 435-0167
Sans frais: 1 877 435-0167

École du routier G.C. inc. (Web site in French only)

2220, rue Louis-Allyson
Trois-Rivières (Québec)  G8Z 4P3
Telephone: 819 379-9209

École du routier G.C. inc. (Web site in French only)

2150, rue André-C.-Hamel
Drummondville (Québec)  J2C 8B1
Telephone: 1 888 472-9209

École du routier professionnel du Québec (1996) inc. (Web site in French only)

12305, boulevard Métropolitain Est
Montréal (Québec)  H1B 5R3
Telephone: 514 640-1666

École nationale de camionnage et équipement lourd (E.N.C.E.L.) (Web site in French only)

2500, boul. des Entreprises, bureau 101
Terrebonne (Québec)  J6X 4J8
Telephone: 450 477-4778

École nationale de camionnage et équipement lourd (E.N.C.E.L.) (Web site in French only)

1015, rue Godin, bureau 800
Québec (Québec)  G1M 2X5
Telephone: 418 683-5053

École nationale de camionnage et équipement lourd (E.N.C.E.L.) (Web site in French only)

754, chemin du Grand-Bernier Nord, local 3
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Québec)  J3B 8H7
Telephone: 450 348-0011

Extra centre de formation (Web site in French only)

1263, rue Volta
Boucherville (Québec)  J4B 7M7
Telephone: 450 641-2626

If your driving school does not offer the DEP

The training must include at least 40 hours of driving given by a heavy vehicle driving school and a professional internship for the number of hours needed to complete the required 300 hours of driving on public roads.

2 Medical assessment and vision test

The first step in obtaining a Class 1 learner's licence is to go to one of our service outlets to undergo a vision test.

During your visit, we will give you a medical assessment form that you must have completed and signed by a physician. The report of the assessment must be satisfactory and show that you have the physical capacity required to drive a combination of road vehicles.

On the day of your knowledge test, we will ask you for the authorization letter we will have sent you following the medical assessment.

3 Preparing for the knowledge and road tests

To obtain a Class 1 driver's licence, you must have the required theoretical and practical knowledge.

To prepare for the tests

We recommend that you study the following publications:

They are available for purchase from Publications du Québec and at bookstores.

We also recommend the document entitled Inspect Before You Go (PDF, 4.0 MB).

4 Knowledge test and obtaining the learner's licence

    • Costs

      • Knowledge Test: $11.00
      • Learner’s Licence: $57.40 (18 months)
    • Time/Duration

      1 hour

    • Documents to provide

      • Driver’s licence
      • Authorization letter from the SAAQ following the medical assessment

Passing the knowledge test allows you to obtain a Class 1 learner's licence. This licence authorizes you to drive on the road with an accompanying riderPerson who has held a valid driver's licence for 2 years of the same class of licence as that sought by the learner driver, and who is qualified to provide the learner with help and advice. .

The knowledge test

This test assesses:

  • your understanding of traffic rules and the skills required to handle a truck
  • your knowledge about the behaviours to adopt in certain driving situations

Taking the test

You must schedule an appointment

Online

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test – Heavy Vehicle Combinations

Using our automated telephone service

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test

Useful information

If you want to obtain the F endorsement…

  • You may register at the same time for the knowledge test for the F endorsement – driving vehicles equipped with an air brake system.
  • If you do not register for either of these tests at the same time:
    • you will have to schedule another appointment to take the test before you take the road tests.
    • additional fees will apply.
To register:

Québec area: 418 643-5213
Montréal area: 514 873-5803
Elsewhere: 1 888 667-8687

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test and bring:

  • your driver’s licence
  • the authorization letter we sent you following the medical assessment

Step 2 – Pay the fees for:

  • the knowledge test: $11.00
  • the learner’s licence: $57.40 (valid for 18 months), if you passed the test

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing mark

The passing mark is 75%.

If you fail the knowledge test

You must wait at least 7 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to make another appointment and pay the test fees again.

5 On-road learning period

Once you have obtained your learner’s licence, you will have to practice your skills to master:

  • pre-trip inspections
  • driving manoeuvres
  • behaviours to adopt in certain driving situations

Mandatory minimum on-road learning period

To register for the road tests, you must have held a Class 1 learner’s licence for at least:

  • 3 months
  • OR

  • 1 month, if you meet any of the following requirements:
    • be registered in the truck driving training program which leads to the Diploma of Vocational Studies issued by the Ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur and have successfully completed all mandatory sections of the program required to drive on the road without an accompanying rider
    • be 25 years of age or older
    • have accumulated 5 years of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) licence
    • hold a Class 2 or 3 driver’s licence

Practical experience with an accompanying rider

When you practise on the road, you must always have an accompanying riderPerson who has held a valid driver's licence for 2 years of the same class of licence as that sought by the learner driver, and who is qualified to provide the learner with help and advice. with you.

If the vehicle is equipped with an air brake system – F endorsement – or a manual transmission – M endorsement –, your accompanying rider’s driver’s licence must include these endorsements.

Given that driving a heavy vehicle is a complex task, you should drive as often as possible, on different roads, both day and night, and in a variety of weather conditions.

Importance of the pre-trip inspection

Every time you get out on the road with a combination of road vehicles, you must carry out a pre-trip inspection. Through practice, you will develop an efficient inspection technique that will allow you to check the vehicle’s compliance and increase road safety.

Other requirements

You must also comply with the other obligations of heavy vehicle drivers, such as load securement standards and the hours of driving and off-duty time.

6 Road tests: pre-trip inspection and driving test

    • Costs

      • Pre-Trip Inspection Test: $11.00
      • Driving Test: $54.75
      • Adding a Class to a Driver’s Licence: $15.20 (including photo fee)
    • Time/Duration

      • Pre-trip inspection test : Approximately 20 minutes
      • Driving test : Approximately 30 minutes
    • Documents to provide

      • Learner's licence with photo
      • Original copy of the valid and signed registration certificate
      • Proof of liability insurance for the vehicle you will use for the tests

Once you have completed the practical learning period, you can register for the 2 road tests.

Pre-trip inspection test

This test covers the mechanical components that are mandatory for all driver’s to inspect before using a heavy vehicle.

During the 20-minute test, you must describe everything you are doing, as well as the defects you are looking for, to your examiner. You must carry out your inspection safely and efficiently.

The heavy vehicle road test assesses:

  • your driving skills in regard to commonly executed manoeuvres
  • your observance of traffic rules and use of recognized driving techniques
  • your driving behaviour
  • your ability to execute the double-clutch technique, if you are driving a vehicle with a manual transmission – M endorsement

To prepare for these tests

We suggest you study:

They are available for purchase from Publications du Québec or at bookstores.

Obtaining the F and M endorsements

If you want to drive a heavy vehicle equipped with an air brake system – F endorsement – or a manual transmission – M endorsement –, you must pass the road tests with a vehicle that is equipped accordingly.

Obtaining the T endorsement

To obtain the T endorsement, which authorizes you to drive a road train longer than 25 metres requiring a special travel permit, you must:

Taking the tests

You must schedule an appointment.

Online

Driving Test – Heavy Vehicles

Using our automated telephone service

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test

You will have to provide your learner’s licence number.

Useful information

Vehicle used for the road tests

You must report to the road tests with:

  • Class 1 vehicle fitted with the equipment that corresponds to the endorsements you would like to obtain, if applicable:
    • air brake system (F endorsement)
    • manual (standard) transmission (M endorsement)
  • the vehicle or combination of vehicles must be free of any major mechanical defects
  • a valid inspection sticker

During the test, you will not be allowed to:

  • carry any passengers
  • transport any dangerous substances
If the vehicle fails to meet our requirements

You will not be allowed to take the tests.

If you cannot make it to the tests…

You must cancel at least 48 hours in advance, or you will be charged a $21.90 fee.

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test, and bring:

  • your driver’s licence
  • the authorization letter we sent you following the medical assessment

Step 2 Pay the fees for:

  • the pre-trip inspection test: $11.00
  • the driving test: $54.75
  • the addition of a class to your driver’s licence: $15.20, including the photo

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by one or more pre-authorized debits (a cheque specimen must be provided)
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing marks

The passing marks are:

  • 75% for each road test
  • 75% for both the F and M endorsement tests

If you fail any of the tests

You must wait at least 7 days before you will be allowed to retake the test. You will have to make another appointment and pay the test fees again.

If you only have to retake the heavy vehicle driving test

You will be required to have carried out a pre-trip inspection before reporting to your test.

You will be asked to provide the pre-trip inspection report for the current day.