Obtaining a Driver's Licence

Bus With a Seating Capacity of More than 24 Passengers (Class 2)

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To obtain a Class 2 licence to drive a bus with a seating capacity of more than 24 passengers, you must have held a valid Class 5 driver's licence for at least 2 years, have a good driving record, be in good health and pass a knowledge test and 2 road tests.

A Class 2 licence authorizes you to drive a bus that is designed to carry more than 24 passengers, as well as any other class of vehicle, except:

  • combinations of road vehicles (Class 1)
  • motorcycles (Class 6)

F and M endorsements

While you are taking the steps to obtain a Class 2 licence, you can go through the procedure to obtain:

  • the F endorsement, which attests to the ability to drive a heavy vehicleA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. equipped with an air brake system
  • the M endorsement, which attests to the ability to drive a heavy vehicleA road vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more, or a combination of road vehicles having a gross combination weight rating of 4,500 kg or more. The following vehicles are also considered to be heavy vehicles regardless of their GVWR: buses, minibuses, tow trucks, vehicles transporting dangerous substances requiring the display of safety marks. equipped with a manual (standard) transmission
Useful information

School transportation

To carry out school transportation using a bus with a seating capacity of more than 24 passengers, you must also hold a certificate of competence, which you can obtain upon completing a course offered at either of the two following centres:

Centre de formation en transport de Charlesbourg (website in French only)
700, rue de l'Argon
Québec (Québec)  G2N 2G5
Telephone: 418 634-5580

Centre de formation du transport routier de Saint-Jérôme (website in French only)
17000, rue Aubin
Mirabel (Québec)  J7J 1B1
Telephone: 450 435-0167
Toll free: 1 877 435-0167

1 Eligibility

Driving record

  • You must have fewer than 4 demerit points entered in your record.
  • Your driver's licence must not have been suspended or revoked in the previous 2 years as a result of an accumulation of demerit points or a driving-related Criminal Code offence.

Driving experience

  • You must have accumulated 2 years of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) driver's licence or probationary licence.

2 Medical examination and vision test

The first step in obtaining a Class 2 licence is to go to one of our service centres (SAAQ offices only) to undergo a vision test.

During your visit, we will give you a Medical Examination Report form to be completed by a physician, because your state of health must meet the requirements set out in the Regulation respecting the health of drivers. You must then return the form by mail or bring it to a service outlet. 

3 Preparing for the knowledge and road tests

To prepare for the tests

We recommend that you study the following publications:

They are available for purchase from Publications du Québec and in bookstores.

4 Knowledge test and obtaining the learner's licence

Passing the knowledge test allows you to obtain a Class 2 learner's licence. This licence authorizes you to drive on the road with an accompanying riderPerson who has held for at least 2 years a valid licence of an appropriate class and who is able to provide the learner with help and advice..

The knowledge test

This test assesses:

  • your understanding of traffic rules and the skills required to handle a heavy vehicle
  • your knowledge of circle check standards
  • your knowledge of the standards for hours of driving and off-duty time
  • your knowledge of safe behaviours to adopt 
Warning

Safe Driving Behaviours to Adopt every Day

Distractions, blind spots, driver fatigue or failure to wear a seat belt are some examples of hazards that you may experience when driving a heavy vehicle. All these subjects and more are discussed in the Heavy Vehicles section.

Taking the Test

You must schedule an appointment.

Online

Making an Appointment for a Driving Test – Buses

Using our automated telephone service

On the To Reach Us page, select the option “To make, change, cancel or check an appointment for a driving test” under “Automated Telephone Services”

Useful information

If you want to obtain the F endorsement…

  • You may register at the same time for the knowledge test for the F endorsement—driving vehicles equipped with an air brake system.
  • If you do not register for both these tests at the same time: 
    • you will have to schedule another appointment to take the F endorsement test before you take the road tests.
    • additional fees will apply.
To register:

Québec area: 418 643-5213
Montréal area: 514 873-5803
Elsewhere: 1 888 667-8687

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test and bring:

  • your driver’s licence

Step 2 – Pay the fees for:

  • the knowledge test: $11.10
  • the learner’s licence: $58.00 (valid for 18 months), if you passed the test

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing mark

The passing mark is 75%.

If you fail the knowledge test

You must wait at least 7 days before being allowed to take the test again. You will have to make another appointment and pay the test fees again.

5 On-road learning period

Once you have obtained your learner's licence, you will have to practise your skills to master:

  • the circle check
  • driving manoeuvres
  • behaviours to adopt in certain driving situations

Mandatory minimum on-road learning period

To register for the road tests, you must have held a Class 2 learner's licence for at least:

  • 3 months
  • OR

  • 1 month, if you meet any of the following requirements:
    • you are 25 years of age or older
    • you have accumulated 60 months of experience as a holder of a Class 5 (automobile) driver's licence
    • you hold a Class 3 driver's licence

If you meet any of these 3 requirements, the one-month period may be replaced by a course that includes at least 20 hours of driving on a public road with a Class 2 vehicle.

Warning

If you take a practical course with a heavy vehicle owner or operator

Make sure the course is authorized by the SAAQ. You can check the safety rating of heavy vehicle owners and operators on the website of the Commission des transports du Québec.

Practical experience with an accompanying rider

When you practise on the road, you must always have an accompanying riderPerson who has held for at least 2 years a valid licence of an appropriate class and who is able to provide the learner with help and advice. with you.

If the vehicle is equipped with an air brake system—F endorsement—or a manual transmission—M endorsement, your accompanying rider’s driver’s licence must include these endorsements.

Given that driving a heavy vehicle is a complex task, you should drive as often as possible, on different roads, both day and night, and in a variety of weather conditions.

Importance of the circle check

Before getting behind the wheel, drivers must make sure that a circle check of their vehicle was completed within the previous 24 hours. If this is not the case, a new circle check must be performed. Through practice, you will develop an efficient inspection technique that will allow you to check the vehicle's compliance and increase road safety.

Other requirements

You must also comply with the other obligations of heavy vehicle drivers, such as load securement standards and the hours of driving and off-duty time.

Warning

Driver Fatigue

Abiding by the hours of driving and off-duty time reduces the risk of driver fatigue. Your lifestyle also plays a major role. The North American Fatigue Management Program can provide valuable assistance.

6 Road tests: circle check test and driving test

    • Documents to provide

      • Learner's licence
      • Original copy of the valid and signed registration certificate
      • Proof of liability insurance for the vehicle you will use for the tests
    • Time/Duration

      • Circle Check Test: 15 minutes
      • Driving Test: Approximately 1 hour
    • Costs

      • Circle Check Test: $11.10
      • Driving Test: $55.25
      • Adding a Class to a Driver's Licence: $15.30 (including photo fee)

Once you have completed the practical learning period, you can register for the 2 road tests.

Circle Check Test

This test covers the mechanical components that all drivers must inspect when carrying out a circle check before using a heavy vehicle.

During the 15-minute test, you must describe everything you are doing, as well as the defects you are looking for, to your examiner. You must carry out your inspection safely and efficiently.

The heavy vehicle road test assesses:

  • your driving skills in regard to commonly executed manoeuvres
  • your observance of traffic rules and use of recognized driving techniques
  • your driving behaviour
  • your ability to execute the double-clutch technique, if you are driving a vehicle with a manual transmission—M endorsement

Obtaining the F and M endorsements

If you want to drive a heavy vehicle equipped with an air brake system—F endorsement—or a manual transmission—M endorsement, you must pass the road tests with a vehicle that is equipped accordingly.

Taking the tests

You must schedule an appointment and provide your learner’s licence number.

Online

Driving Test – Buses

Using our automated telephone service

On the To Reach Us page, select the option “To make, change, cancel or check an appointment for a driving test” under “Automated Telephone Services.”

Useful information

Vehicle used for the road tests

You must report to the road tests with:

  • a Class 2 vehicle fitted with the equipment that corresponds to the endorsements you would like to obtain, if applicable (note that the vehicle in question must be free of any major mechanical defects):
    • air brake system (F endorsement)
    • manual (standard) transmission (M endorsement)
  • a valid inspection sticker

During the test, you will not be allowed to:

  • carry any passengers
  • use a vehicle that is used to transport dangerous substances

If the vehicle fails to meet our requirements

You will not be allowed to take the tests.

If you cannot make it to the tests…

You must cancel at least 48 hours in advance, or you will be charged a $22.10 fee.

On the day of the test

Step 1 – Go to the service outlet with which you scheduled your appointment for the test, and bring:

  • your driver’s licence

Step 2 Pay the fees for:

  • the circle check test: $11.10
  • the driving test: $55.25
  • the addition of a class to your driver’s licence: $15.30, including the photo

Payment methods

At our service outlets, we accept payment:

  • in cash
  • by Interac (debit card)—not available in some service outlets
  • by cheque or money order

Payment by credit card is not accepted.

Passing marks

The passing marks are:

  • 75% for each road test
  • 75% for both the F and M endorsement tests

If you fail any of the tests

You must wait at least 7 days before being allowed to take the test again. You will have to make another appointment.

If you only have to retake the heavy vehicle driving test

You will be required to have carried out a circle check before reporting to your test.

You will be asked to provide the circle check report for the current day.