Demerit Points

In Québec, all individuals who drive a vehicle are subject to a system of demerit points that accumulate when they are found guilty of an offence. The number of points varies based on the type of licence and the driver's age.

Demerit point system

In Québec, a demerit point system establishes the number of points that any driver or passenger accumulates if found guilty of certain offences.

Demerit points are entered on a driving record when an individual is convicted of an offence. When the number of demerit points accumulated is equal to or greater than the applicable threshold, the driver's licence is revoked or the right to obtain a licence is suspended.

Useful information

Licence holders can have points entered on their driving record even if they are not behind the wheel. The same rule applies to individuals who do not hold a driver's licence.

For example, a passenger not wearing a seat belt or someone holding onto a vehicle in motion is subject to demerit points in addition to a fine. 

Cyclists and pedestrians who fail to comply with the Highway Safety Code are also subject to demerit points even if they do not hold a driver's licence.

Demerit point brackets are determined on the basis of:

  • the type of licence: driver's licence, learner's licence or probationary licence
  • the driver's age
  • whether the driver holds a licence

4-point bracket

  • Applies to holders of a learner's licence or probationary licence
  • Applies to holders of a Class 6D (moped or scooter) or Class 8 (tractor) driver's licence who have held their licence for fewer than 5 years.
  • Applies to individuals who do not hold a licence
Useful information

Individuals without a licence who reach or exceed the 4-point threshold…

Will have their right to obtain a licence suspended for a period of 3, 6 or 12 months, depending on the number of points on record.

8-point bracket

  • Applies to driver's licence holders under age 23

12-point bracket

  • Applies to driver's licence holders age 23 or 24

15-point bracket

  • Applies to driver's licence holders age 25 or older
Warning

Important!

Certain offences can result in more demerit points than you are allowed to accumulate. For example, excessive speeding can lead to more than 30 demerit points with a single conviction!

Demerit points and the driving record

In the case of certain offences under the Highway Safety Code, the number of demerit points is based on the severity of the offence.

Points are entered on your driving record once we are notified of your conviction by a court of law, i.e.:

  • when you pay your fine
  • OR

  • when a judge finds you guilty of the offence committed

For penalty purposes, these demerit points remain on your driving record for 2 years following the date of your conviction.

However, with regard to your driver’s licence payment, the demerit points remain on your driving record for 2 years following the date of their entry.

Useful information

Québec has entered into reciprocal agreements with Ontario, Maine and the State of New York.

As a result, the SAAQ is notified if you commit an offence that leads to the entry of demerit points in those jurisdictions. Those points will be entered on your driving record as if the offence had occurred in Québec.

Accumulation of demerit points on a driving record

Information notice

We will send you a written notice once a certain number of demerit points have been entered on your driving record.

The notice indicates:

  • the number of demerit points on your driving record
  • how long they will remain on your record
  • how many more demerit points can be accumulated before your licence is revoked
Number of demerit points after which the notice is sent based on bracket
4-point bracket 8-point bracket 12-point bracket 15-point bracket

No notice issued

After accumulating 4 points or more

After accumulating 6 points or more

After accumulating 7 points or more

Notice of licence revocation

Once you have reached or exceeded the threshold of your bracket, you will receive a notice informing you that your licence has been revoked.

The notice indicates:

  • the number of demerit points on your driving record
  • how long they will remain on your record
Revocation period

The licence revocation lasts a minimum period of 3 months. The licence can also be revoked for 6 or 12 months, depending on:

  • the demerit point bracket that applies to you
  • the number of points accumulated
  • the duration of the most recent penalty imposed within the previous 2 years

Obtaining a restricted licence

If you hold a driver's licence or a probationary licence and this is your first revocation in 2 years, you can ask a judge for a restricted licence, provided that you demonstrate that operating a motor vehicle is an essential requirement of your main employment. You may apply for a restricted licence once you have received the notice of revocation.

Warning

If you drive while your licence is revoked or suspended

The vehicle you are driving will be seized and impounded for 30 days. It will be towed and impounded at the owner's expense. You will also have to pay a $600.00 to $2,000.00 fine as well as legal and administrative fees.

Obtaining a new licence

You need to wait until the end of the penalty period and pass a reinstatement test to be issued a new driver's licence.

Useful information

Having demerit points on your driving record increases the annual cost of your licence

It actually increases your contribution to the Fonds d'assurance automobile du Québec.